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Nutrients 2018, 10(7), 838; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10070838

Cultural Features Influencing Eating, Overweight, and Obesity in the Roma People of South Bohemia

1
Institute of Nursing, Midwifery and Emergency Care, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice, J. Boreckeho 1167/27, 370 05 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
2
Institute of Social and Special-paedagogical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice, J. Boreckeho 1167/27, 370 05 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
3
Institute of Legal Branches, Management and Economics, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice, J. Boreckeho 1167/27, 370 05 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 March 2018 / Revised: 15 June 2018 / Accepted: 19 June 2018 / Published: 28 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eating Disorders and Obesity: The Challenge for Our Times)
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Abstract

This article describes the important cultural specifics that impact on treatment of overweight and obesity for the Roma people of South Bohemia. Methods: Data on health and nutrition were collected using a semi-structured interview of 302 Roma adults (quantitative phase). A further 25 participants received in-depth interviews regarding their eating and lifestyle habits and perceptions about obesity and overweight (qualitative phase). Height and weight were measured with calibrated scales and stadiometer. Qualitative data were analyzed with the “grounded theory” method. Results: The participants reported a relatively high consumption of high-sugar drinks and foods compared to fruits and vegetables. Lifestyle factors increasing risk of overweight identified from the qualitative interview included unemployment, socially isolating housing, poor transport, poverty, inactivity, tobacco smoking, and for women weight gain after childbirth. Also identified was the need for better health literacy. Conclusions: Effective health education may help to address risk factors for overweight and obesity in Roma peoples. Other measures include improved socioeconomic status and housing security, and improved health literacy of the Roma people. View Full-Text
Keywords: the Roma; nurse; overweight; obesity; health education; lifestyle factors; nutrition; cultural features the Roma; nurse; overweight; obesity; health education; lifestyle factors; nutrition; cultural features
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Olišarová, V.; Tóthová, V.; Bártlová, S.; Dolák, F.; Kajanová, A.; Nováková, D.; Prokešová, R.; Šedová, L. Cultural Features Influencing Eating, Overweight, and Obesity in the Roma People of South Bohemia. Nutrients 2018, 10, 838.

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