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Nutrients 2018, 10(7), 952; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10070952

Nutrients in Fish and Possible Associations with Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Metabolic Syndrome

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo Metropolitan University, NO-0130 Oslo, Norway
2
Department of Health Sciences, Bjorknes University College, NO-0456 Oslo, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 June 2018 / Revised: 10 July 2018 / Accepted: 19 July 2018 / Published: 23 July 2018
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Abstract

Non-communicable diseases (NSDs) are responsible for two-thirds of all deaths globally, whereas cardiovascular disease (CVD) alone counts for nearly half of them. To reduce the impact of CVD, targeting modifiable risk factors comprised in metabolic syndrome (e.g., waist circumference, lipid profile, blood pressure, and blood glucose) is of great importance. Beneficial effects of fish consumption on CVD has been revealed over the past decades, and some studies suggest that fish consumption may have a protective role in preventing metabolic syndrome. Fish contains a variety of nutrients that may contribute to health benefits. This review examines current recommendations for fish intake as a source of various nutrients (proteins, n-3 fatty acids, vitamin D, iodine, selenium, and taurine), and their effects on metabolic syndrome and the CVD risk factors. Fatty fish is recommended due to its high levels of n-3 fatty acids, however lean fish also contains nutrients that may be beneficial in the prevention of CVD. View Full-Text
Keywords: fish consumption; lean fish; fatty fish; metabolic syndrome; cardiovascular risk; cardiovascular disease; diet; protein; amino acids; nutrients fish consumption; lean fish; fatty fish; metabolic syndrome; cardiovascular risk; cardiovascular disease; diet; protein; amino acids; nutrients
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Tørris, C.; Småstuen, M.C.; Molin, M. Nutrients in Fish and Possible Associations with Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Metabolic Syndrome. Nutrients 2018, 10, 952.

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