Maternal Anemia and Low Birth Weight: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
AbstractObjective: To systematically analyze the relationship between maternal anemia and low birth weight. Methods: A search of studies was conducted in the main databases (Medline, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, SciELO, and Lilacs), the gray literature, and the reference lists of selected articles. Cohort and case-control studies that met the eligibility criteria were included in the review. There was no limitation on the language or date of publication. Article selection and data extraction were performed by two independent reviewers. Meta-analyses with random effects, subgroup analyses and meta-regressions were performed. Publication bias was measured using Egger regression and visual funnel plot inspection. Results: A total of 7243 articles were found, of which 71 comprised the systematic review and 68 were included in the meta-analyses. Maternal anemia was associated with low birth weight with an adjusted OR: 1.23 (95% CI: 1.06–1.43) and I2: 58%. The meta-regressions confirmed that the sample size and the methodological quality may partially explain the statistical heterogeneity. Conclusions: Maternal anemia was considered a risk factor for low birth weight. View Full-Text
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Figueiredo, A.C.M.G.; Gomes-Filho, I.S.; Silva, R.B.; Pereira, P.P.S.; Mata, F.A.F.D.; Lyrio, A.O.; Souza, E.S.; Cruz, S.S.; Pereira, M.G. Maternal Anemia and Low Birth Weight: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Nutrients 2018, 10, 601.
Figueiredo ACMG, Gomes-Filho IS, Silva RB, Pereira PPS, Mata FAFD, Lyrio AO, Souza ES, Cruz SS, Pereira MG. Maternal Anemia and Low Birth Weight: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Nutrients. 2018; 10(5):601.Chicago/Turabian Style
Figueiredo, Ana C.M.G.; Gomes-Filho, Isaac S.; Silva, Roberta B.; Pereira, Priscilla P.S.; Mata, Fabiana A.F.D.; Lyrio, Amanda O.; Souza, Elivan S.; Cruz, Simone S.; Pereira, Mauricio G. 2018. "Maternal Anemia and Low Birth Weight: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis." Nutrients 10, no. 5: 601.
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