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Nutrients 2018, 10(7), 867; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10070867

The Association of Vitamin D Levels with Common Pregnancy Complications

University Clinic for Gynaecology and Perinatology, Maribor University Medical Centre, Ljubljanska 5, SI-2000 Maribor, Slovenia
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Received: 27 May 2018 / Revised: 30 June 2018 / Accepted: 3 July 2018 / Published: 5 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrient Requirements and Dietary Intakes of Women during Pregnancy)
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Abstract

The association between vitamin D deficiency and various adverse pregnancy outcomes has been extensively investigated in recent years. The pregnant woman is the only source of vitamin D for the foetus. The main sources of vitamin D for pregnant women are sunlight, fortified dairy products, oily fish and dietary supplements. Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy has been associated with some adverse neonatal outcomes as well as an increased risk of late pregnancy complications. The outcomes of the published studies investigating preeclampsia and gestational diabetes mellitus vary with some large trials suggesting a potential positive effect of vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy on the decreased risk of these complications. Research also suggests a possible connection between lower vitamin D concentrations and increased risk of preterm labour. In our manuscript, we aim to review the existing literature regarding the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy, the factors associated with vitamin D deficiency, and possible pregnancy complications arising from it. View Full-Text
Keywords: vitamin D; pregnancy outcome; nutritional supplements vitamin D; pregnancy outcome; nutritional supplements
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Dovnik, A.; Mujezinović, F. The Association of Vitamin D Levels with Common Pregnancy Complications. Nutrients 2018, 10, 867.

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