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Total and Added Sugar Intake: Assessment in Eight Latin American Countries

Instituto Pensi, Fundação Jose Luiz Egydio Setubal, Sabará Hospital Infantil, São Paulo 01239-040, Brazil
Departamento de Pediatria, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo 04023-062, Brazil
Committee of Nutrition and Wellbeing, International Life Science Institute (ILSI-Argentina), Buenos Aires C1059ABF, Argentina
Departamento de Bioquímica, Escuela de Medicina, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José 11501, Costa Rica
Centro de Nutrición Molecular y Enfermedades Crónicas, Departamento de Nutrición, Diabetes y Metabolismo, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica, Santiago 833-0024, Chile
Departamento de Nutrición y Bioquímica, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá 110111, Colombia
Colegio de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito 17-1200-841, Ecuador
Instituto de Investigación Nutricional, La Molina, Lima 15026, Peru
Centro de Estudios del Desarrollo, Universidad Central de Venezuela (CENDES-UCV)/Fundación Bengoa, Caracas 1010, Venezuela
Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo 04023-062, Brazil
University of Munich Medical Center, Division of Metabolic and Nutritional Medicine, Dr. von Hauner Children’s Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, D-80337 Munich, Germany
Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093, USA
Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development (GENUD) Research Group, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza 50009, Spain
Departamento de Nutrição, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo 03178-200, Brazil
Faculdade de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade São Judas Tadeu, São Paulo 03166-000, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Membership of the ELANS Study Group is provided in the Acknowledgments.
Nutrients 2018, 10(4), 389;
Received: 16 February 2018 / Revised: 19 March 2018 / Accepted: 20 March 2018 / Published: 22 March 2018
PDF [6069 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]


Non-communicable diseases are growing at an alarming rate in Latin America. We assessed total and added sugar intake in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, to verify the adequacy of the World Health Organization’s recommendations, considering gender, socioeconomic level (SEL) and age. A total of 9218 non-institutionalized individuals living in urban areas (age range 15–65 years) were assessed in the Latin American Study of Nutrition and Health (ELANS), a multicenter household population-based cross-sectional survey. Socio-demographic data were collected. Total and added sugar intakes were measured using two non-consecutive 24-h dietary recalls. The prevalence of excessive sugar intake was estimated. A large proportion of individuals showed high consumption of total and added sugar intake, which reflected in the high prevalence of excessive sugar intake. With minimal differences across countries, in general, women, individuals with high SEL, and younger people had higher percentages of total energy intake from total and added sugar intake, and of contribution of carbohydrates from total and added sugars. Thus, there is high consumption of total and added sugar intake in the Latin American countries with some peculiarities considering socio-demographic variables, which should be considered in each country’s health intervention proposals. View Full-Text
Keywords: cross-sectional study; dietary intake; Latin American; nutrition; sugars; survey cross-sectional study; dietary intake; Latin American; nutrition; sugars; survey

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Fisberg, M.; Kovalskys, I.; Gómez, G.; Rigotti, A.; Sanabria, L.Y.C.; García, M.C.Y.; Torres, R.G.P.; Herrera-Cuenca, M.; Zimberg, I.Z.; Koletzko, B.; Pratt, M.; Aznar, L.A.M.; Guajardo, V.; Fisberg, R.M.; Sales, C.H.; Previdelli, Á.N.; On behalf of the ELANS Study Group. Total and Added Sugar Intake: Assessment in Eight Latin American Countries. Nutrients 2018, 10, 389.

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