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Nutrients 2018, 10(10), 1457; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101457

Gut Microbiota’s Relationship with Liver Disease and Role in Hepatoprotection by Dietary Natural Products and Probiotics

1,†
,
2,†
,
1
,
3
and
1,4,*
1
Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition and Health, Guangdong Engineering Technology Research Center of Nutrition Translation, Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
2
School of Chinese Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, China
3
Department of Food Science & Technology, School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
4
South China Sea Bioresource Exploitation and Utilization Collaborative Innovation Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006, China
These authors contribute equally to this paper.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 August 2018 / Revised: 17 September 2018 / Accepted: 26 September 2018 / Published: 8 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gut Microbiome and Human Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1243 KB, uploaded 8 October 2018]   |  

Abstract

A variety of dietary natural products have shown hepatoprotective effects. Increasing evidence has also demonstrated that gut microorganisms play an important role in the hepatoprotection contributed by natural products. Gut dysbiosis could increase permeability of the gut barrier, resulting in translocated bacteria and leaked gut-derived products, which can reach the liver through the portal vein and might lead to increased oxidative stress and inflammation, thereby threatening liver health. Targeting gut microbiota modulation represents a promising strategy for hepatoprotection. Many natural products could protect the liver from various injuries or mitigate hepatic disorders by reverting gut dysbiosis, improving intestinal permeability, altering the primary bile acid, and inhibiting hepatic fatty acid accumulation. The mechanisms underlying their beneficial effects also include reducing oxidative stress, suppressing inflammation, attenuating fibrosis, and decreasing apoptosis. This review discusses the hepatoprotective effects of dietary natural products via modulating the gut microbiota, mainly focusing on the mechanisms of action. View Full-Text
Keywords: gut microbiota; natural products; probiotics; hepatoprotection; mechanisms gut microbiota; natural products; probiotics; hepatoprotection; mechanisms
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Meng, X.; Li, S.; Li, Y.; Gan, R.-Y.; Li, H.-B. Gut Microbiota’s Relationship with Liver Disease and Role in Hepatoprotection by Dietary Natural Products and Probiotics. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1457.

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