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Child-Friendly Environments—What, How and by Whom?

Department of Landscape Architecture, Planning and Management, Swedish University of Agricutural Sciences (SLU), 234 22 Lomma, Sweden
Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Lund University, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sina Shahab, Marica Cassarino and Sara Biscaya
Sustainability 2022, 14(8), 4852;
Received: 23 March 2022 / Revised: 5 April 2022 / Accepted: 9 April 2022 / Published: 18 April 2022
The socio-physical qualities of built environments are, in several ways, of imperative importance for children growing up. The Child-Friendly Cities initiative by UNICEF, an implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, has made local governments strive toward child-friendliness. The participation of children and young people is often the focus of such projects, with a potential for a far broader scope. Besides participation processes, what important socio-physical qualities make environments child-friendly, and how can they be developed? This paper presents a structured literature review of the concept of child-friendly environments, in order to address the full socio-physical spectrum. The results focus on concrete factors that have been filtered through child-friendliness and the associated frameworks, showing an inherent dependence between the social context and the physical environment. The shaping of child-friendliness hinges on the realization of environments that are safe, fair, and with accessible and variable green and open spaces. A multi-stakeholder endeavor including, e.g., planners, designers, and managers requires clearly outlined priorities. This study lays the groundwork for further exploration of how the concept of child-friendly environments can lead to positive changes, also as part of the overall strive toward sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: child-friendliness; landscape architecture; landscape management; landscape planning; urban design; urban planning; socio-physical environments child-friendliness; landscape architecture; landscape management; landscape planning; urban design; urban planning; socio-physical environments
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jansson, M.; Herbert, E.; Zalar, A.; Johansson, M. Child-Friendly Environments—What, How and by Whom? Sustainability 2022, 14, 4852.

AMA Style

Jansson M, Herbert E, Zalar A, Johansson M. Child-Friendly Environments—What, How and by Whom? Sustainability. 2022; 14(8):4852.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jansson, Märit, Emma Herbert, Alva Zalar, and Maria Johansson. 2022. "Child-Friendly Environments—What, How and by Whom?" Sustainability 14, no. 8: 4852.

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