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Review

Child-Friendly Environments—What, How and by Whom?

1
Department of Landscape Architecture, Planning and Management, Swedish University of Agricutural Sciences (SLU), 234 22 Lomma, Sweden
2
Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Lund University, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sina Shahab, Marica Cassarino and Sara Biscaya
Sustainability 2022, 14(8), 4852; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084852
Received: 23 March 2022 / Revised: 5 April 2022 / Accepted: 9 April 2022 / Published: 18 April 2022
The socio-physical qualities of built environments are, in several ways, of imperative importance for children growing up. The Child-Friendly Cities initiative by UNICEF, an implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, has made local governments strive toward child-friendliness. The participation of children and young people is often the focus of such projects, with a potential for a far broader scope. Besides participation processes, what important socio-physical qualities make environments child-friendly, and how can they be developed? This paper presents a structured literature review of the concept of child-friendly environments, in order to address the full socio-physical spectrum. The results focus on concrete factors that have been filtered through child-friendliness and the associated frameworks, showing an inherent dependence between the social context and the physical environment. The shaping of child-friendliness hinges on the realization of environments that are safe, fair, and with accessible and variable green and open spaces. A multi-stakeholder endeavor including, e.g., planners, designers, and managers requires clearly outlined priorities. This study lays the groundwork for further exploration of how the concept of child-friendly environments can lead to positive changes, also as part of the overall strive toward sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: child-friendliness; landscape architecture; landscape management; landscape planning; urban design; urban planning; socio-physical environments child-friendliness; landscape architecture; landscape management; landscape planning; urban design; urban planning; socio-physical environments
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jansson, M.; Herbert, E.; Zalar, A.; Johansson, M. Child-Friendly Environments—What, How and by Whom? Sustainability 2022, 14, 4852. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084852

AMA Style

Jansson M, Herbert E, Zalar A, Johansson M. Child-Friendly Environments—What, How and by Whom? Sustainability. 2022; 14(8):4852. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084852

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jansson, Märit, Emma Herbert, Alva Zalar, and Maria Johansson. 2022. "Child-Friendly Environments—What, How and by Whom?" Sustainability 14, no. 8: 4852. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084852

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