Next Article in Journal
The Partnership of Citizen Science and Machine Learning: Benefits, Risks, and Future Challenges for Engagement, Data Collection, and Data Quality
Next Article in Special Issue
Child-Friendly Environments—What, How and by Whom?
Previous Article in Journal
A Survey of Research on Data Analytics-Based Legal Tech
Previous Article in Special Issue
Neighbourhood Environment and Cognitive Vulnerability—A Survey Investigation of Variations Across the Lifespan and Urbanity Levels
 
 
Review

Envisioning Happy Places for All: A Systematic Review of the Impact of Transformations in the Urban Environment on the Wellbeing of Vulnerable Groups

1
School of Applied Psychology, University College Cork, T23 TK30 Cork, Ireland
2
School of Geography and Planning, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3WA, UK
3
School of Science, Engineering & Environment, University of Salford, Manchester M5 4WT, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Pierfrancesco De Paola and Meg Holden
Sustainability 2021, 13(14), 8086; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13148086
Received: 10 June 2021 / Revised: 2 July 2021 / Accepted: 17 July 2021 / Published: 20 July 2021
Urban planning and design can impact mental health, but it is unclear how ever-growing and changing cities can sustain the psychological wellbeing of vulnerable groups, who are among the most mentally sensitive to spatial inequalities. This systematic review synthesised quantitative and qualitative studies on urban design interventions and their impact on wellbeing in vulnerable groups. Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, we searched five online databases from inception to May 2020. A total of 10 papers were included. We found mixed evidence of benefits for wellbeing linked to urban regeneration projects or focused interventions (green spaces, transport, security). Interventions that were centred around participation, sustainable living, and quality of design (e.g., perceived sense of safety) were associated with increased residential satisfaction and wellbeing, particularly among low-income communities and women. Risk of bias was low to medium, but there was high methodological heterogeneity; studies were mainly from Western countries, and none of the included studies investigated the experiences of people with disabilities, migrants, or racial minorities. This review highlights the importance of inclusive and sustainable design interventions to create happy places for all strata of society, although further investigation is warranted. View Full-Text
Keywords: wellbeing; vulnerable groups; equitable urban design; urban intervention; transformative urban development wellbeing; vulnerable groups; equitable urban design; urban intervention; transformative urban development
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Cassarino, M.; Shahab, S.; Biscaya, S. Envisioning Happy Places for All: A Systematic Review of the Impact of Transformations in the Urban Environment on the Wellbeing of Vulnerable Groups. Sustainability 2021, 13, 8086. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13148086

AMA Style

Cassarino M, Shahab S, Biscaya S. Envisioning Happy Places for All: A Systematic Review of the Impact of Transformations in the Urban Environment on the Wellbeing of Vulnerable Groups. Sustainability. 2021; 13(14):8086. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13148086

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cassarino, Marica, Sina Shahab, and Sara Biscaya. 2021. "Envisioning Happy Places for All: A Systematic Review of the Impact of Transformations in the Urban Environment on the Wellbeing of Vulnerable Groups" Sustainability 13, no. 14: 8086. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13148086

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop