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Article

Examining Whether Government Environmental Regulation Promotes Green Innovation Efficiency—Evidence from China’s Yangtze River Economic Belt

1
Criminal Justice School, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan 430073, China
2
Chongqing Intellectual Property School, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing 400054, China
3
School of Public Affairs, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
4
School of Social Sciences, Hellenic Open University, 26335 Patras, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jeoung Yul Lee, Dilek Zamantili Nayir, Charles Chen and Luigi Aldieri
Sustainability 2022, 14(3), 1827; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14031827
Received: 9 December 2021 / Revised: 30 January 2022 / Accepted: 31 January 2022 / Published: 5 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multinational Enterprises, Sustainability and Innovation)
Based on the panel data of 11 provinces and cities in the Yangtze River Economic Belt from 2005 to 2018, this paper uses the SBM-DEA efficiency model with undesired output to measure the green innovation efficiency of the Yangtze River Economic Belt. The panel Tobit empirical analysis model was used to quantitatively analyze the impact of three different forms of government environmental regulations on the efficiency of green innovation. The research results show that the government’s mandatory environmental regulations and government financial subsidies for green innovation technology are two regulatory methods that positively promote the efficiency of regional green innovation, but government investment in environmental governance has a negative impact on the efficiency of regional green innovation. Then the study found that this negative impact has a significant inflection point effect: when it exceeds a certain threshold, the negative impact turns into a positive effect. At the same time, the impact of environmental regulations on the efficiency of green innovation has significant regional heterogeneity, and the three environmental regulations have a greater impact on downstream provinces and cities. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental regulation; green innovation efficiency; SBM-DEA efficiency model environmental regulation; green innovation efficiency; SBM-DEA efficiency model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, F.; Fu, X.; Zhang, T.; Wu, D.; Sindakis, S. Examining Whether Government Environmental Regulation Promotes Green Innovation Efficiency—Evidence from China’s Yangtze River Economic Belt. Sustainability 2022, 14, 1827. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14031827

AMA Style

Wu F, Fu X, Zhang T, Wu D, Sindakis S. Examining Whether Government Environmental Regulation Promotes Green Innovation Efficiency—Evidence from China’s Yangtze River Economic Belt. Sustainability. 2022; 14(3):1827. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14031827

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wu, Feng, Xiaopeng Fu, Ting Zhang, Dan Wu, and Stavros Sindakis. 2022. "Examining Whether Government Environmental Regulation Promotes Green Innovation Efficiency—Evidence from China’s Yangtze River Economic Belt" Sustainability 14, no. 3: 1827. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14031827

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