Next Article in Journal
Fluorine-18 Fluorodeoxyglucose Isolation Using Graphene Oxide for Alternative Radiopharmaceutical Spillage Decontamination in PET Scan
Next Article in Special Issue
The Mexican Ecological Conscience: A Predictive Model
Previous Article in Journal
Analysis of the Impact of Industrial Land Price Distortion on Overcapacity in the Textile Industry and Its Sustainability in China
Previous Article in Special Issue
Examining Whether Government Environmental Regulation Promotes Green Innovation Efficiency—Evidence from China’s Yangtze River Economic Belt
 
 
Article

The Environmental Cost of Attracting FDI: An Empirical Investigation in Brazil

1
Department of Production Engineering (DEP), Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar), São Carlos 13565-905, Brazil
2
Department of Production Engineering, Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos (EESC), University of São Paulo (USP), São Carlos 05508-270, Brazil
3
Department of Production Engineering, School of Engineering of Bauru, Campus Bauru, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Bauru 14800-903, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jeoung Yul Lee, Dilek Zamantili Nayir and Charles Chen
Sustainability 2022, 14(8), 4490; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084490
Received: 7 February 2022 / Revised: 30 March 2022 / Accepted: 5 April 2022 / Published: 9 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multinational Enterprises, Sustainability and Innovation)
Many emerging economies seek to increase their Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows to achieve some promised benefits, such as economic growth and advanced technologies. Nevertheless, FDI does not represent a random investment decision, and international literature demonstrates that foreign investors are mostly interested in fast-growing regions. Therefore, this study uses traditional panel data econometrics coupled with Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to investigate the environmental impact in regions with great potential to attract foreign investments (e.g., more advanced regions with growing infrastructure), therefore analyzing the environmental cost of attracting FDI. Additionally, this study employs regional data from the ‘Atlas of FDI in the State of São Paulo’ to investigate the environmental effects of FDI in the periphery, where attractiveness levels are low. The results indicate that regions with higher attractiveness levels prepare a pollutant development strategy and that FDI in less-developed regions is harmful to the environment. The results point to new perspectives on the FDI–environment debate and suggest that attracting FDI is environmentally costly. Also, FDI is heterogeneous, with its presence in peripheral areas being harmful to the environment. To conclude, we discuss these results and present an agenda for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: environment; CO2; Foreign Direct Investment (FDI); econometrics; Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA); Brazil; Latin America environment; CO2; Foreign Direct Investment (FDI); econometrics; Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA); Brazil; Latin America
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Polloni-Silva, E.; Roiz, G.A.; Mariano, E.B.; Moralles, H.F.; Rebelatto, D.A.N. The Environmental Cost of Attracting FDI: An Empirical Investigation in Brazil. Sustainability 2022, 14, 4490. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084490

AMA Style

Polloni-Silva E, Roiz GA, Mariano EB, Moralles HF, Rebelatto DAN. The Environmental Cost of Attracting FDI: An Empirical Investigation in Brazil. Sustainability. 2022; 14(8):4490. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084490

Chicago/Turabian Style

Polloni-Silva, Eduardo, Guilherme Augusto Roiz, Enzo Barberio Mariano, Herick Fernando Moralles, and Daisy Aparecida Nascimento Rebelatto. 2022. "The Environmental Cost of Attracting FDI: An Empirical Investigation in Brazil" Sustainability 14, no. 8: 4490. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084490

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop