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Article

Land Fragmentation, Technical Efficiency, and Adaptation to Climate Change by Farmers in the Gamo Highlands of Ethiopia

1
Department of Development Economics, Ethiopian Civil Service University, Addis Ababa 5648, Ethiopia
2
Department of Environmental Sciences, Soil Physics and Land Management Group, Wageningen University, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
3
Department of Social Sciences, Agricultural Economics and Rural Policy Group, Wageningen University, 6706 KN Wageningen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(24), 10304; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410304
Received: 29 October 2020 / Revised: 3 December 2020 / Accepted: 5 December 2020 / Published: 10 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Implications of Climate Change for Ecosystems and Society)
Although barley production is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, households in the Gamo Highlands of Ethiopia rely on barley for their diet and allocate most of their highly-fragmented land to barley production. Moreover, farmers alter land management practices as a strategy to adjust to climate change and variability. However, to what extent land fragmentation and land management jointly influence the technical efficiency of barley production is unknown. In addition, it is unidentified whether technical efficiency is uniform across multiple separated plots. In this study, we adapted two stochastic frontier panel models on plot-level cross-sectional data to investigate this. The model results indicate that fragmentation influences the effect of land management practices on efficiency. The study found that efficiency was not uniform across different plots and for different farmers and showed the existence of large yield gaps. To close these gaps, policies designed to address the specific components of inefficiency need to be implemented. View Full-Text
Keywords: land fragmentation; climate change; adaptation; efficiency; barley; Ethiopia land fragmentation; climate change; adaptation; efficiency; barley; Ethiopia
MDPI and ACS Style

Cholo, T.C.; Peerlings, J.; Fleskens, L. Land Fragmentation, Technical Efficiency, and Adaptation to Climate Change by Farmers in the Gamo Highlands of Ethiopia. Sustainability 2020, 12, 10304. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410304

AMA Style

Cholo TC, Peerlings J, Fleskens L. Land Fragmentation, Technical Efficiency, and Adaptation to Climate Change by Farmers in the Gamo Highlands of Ethiopia. Sustainability. 2020; 12(24):10304. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410304

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cholo, Tesfaye C., Jack Peerlings, and Luuk Fleskens. 2020. "Land Fragmentation, Technical Efficiency, and Adaptation to Climate Change by Farmers in the Gamo Highlands of Ethiopia" Sustainability 12, no. 24: 10304. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410304

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