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Factors Associated with Travel Behavior of Millennials and Older Adults: A Scoping Review

School of Earth, Environment & Society, McMaster University, 1280 Main St W, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada
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Sustainability 2020, 12(19), 8236; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198236
Received: 15 September 2020 / Revised: 30 September 2020 / Accepted: 30 September 2020 / Published: 6 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
This study aims to synthesize knowledge on the travel behavior of millennials and older adults based on literature from 2010 to 2018. The study looks into the different factors that contributed to shaping each generation’s travel behavior. Both qualitative and quantitative studies that fall within the selection criteria are reviewed, with a total of seventy-eight studies selected for review. Thirty-four papers focused on young adults/millennials, 35 included an older adult population, and 9 investigated both younger and older age groups. Six of the studies utilized qualitative methods, 68 applied quantitative methods, and 4 used mixed methods to explore the factors associated with travel behavior. Travel behaviors are explored in terms of mode choice, trip distance, trip frequency, use of alternative transport, ridesharing, and mobility tool ownership. Associated factors are categorized into five themes: personal attributes, geography and built environment, living arrangements and family life, technology adoption, and perceptions and attitudes towards travel options and environment. This study concludes that difference exists between generations in terms of travel behavior, and that the factors that influence each generation’s travel characteristics are either different or differ in their nature of influence (increase/decrease). Finally, based on the reviewed literature, this study proposes future research directions. View Full-Text
Keywords: older adults; millennials; young adults; travel behavior; mode choice; generational differences older adults; millennials; young adults; travel behavior; mode choice; generational differences
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jamal, S.; Newbold, K.B. Factors Associated with Travel Behavior of Millennials and Older Adults: A Scoping Review. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8236. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198236

AMA Style

Jamal S, Newbold KB. Factors Associated with Travel Behavior of Millennials and Older Adults: A Scoping Review. Sustainability. 2020; 12(19):8236. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198236

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jamal, Shaila; Newbold, K. B. 2020. "Factors Associated with Travel Behavior of Millennials and Older Adults: A Scoping Review" Sustainability 12, no. 19: 8236. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12198236

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