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Article

Impact of Rye Inclusion in Diets for Broilers on Performance, Litter Quality, Foot Pad Health, Digesta Viscosity, Organ Traits and Intestinal Morphology

1
Department of Nutrition and Nutritional Deficiency Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt
2
Institute for Animal Nutrition, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bischofsholer Damm 15, D-30173 Hannover, Germany
3
Department of Hygiene and Zoonoses, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt
4
Institute for Anatomy, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bischofsholer Damm 15, D-30173 Hannover, Germany
5
BEST 3 Geflügelernährung GmbH, Ringstrasse 16, D-27239 Twistringen, Germany
6
KWS LOCHOW GmbH, Ferdinand von Lochowstrasse 5, D-29303 Bergen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Sustainability 2020, 12(18), 7753; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187753
Received: 30 August 2020 / Revised: 17 September 2020 / Accepted: 17 September 2020 / Published: 19 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Sustainable Livestock Production)
Rye could offer diverse benefits in terms of sustainability if it could replace parts of the main cereals, corn and wheat, in broiler diets. A total of 256 broilers, Ross 308, were randomly allocated into 32 pens. From day 14 till day 42, the birds were divided into four feeding groups (eight replicates each). The control group received a conventional finisher diet “control”, whereas in the other groups, a pelleted supplementary feed was offered (SFI to corn and SFII to rye), to which crushed corn (SFI-Corn) or squashed rye (SFII-Rye) was added. The fourth group received a mixture of 50% SFI-Corn and 50% SFII-Rye. The cereal level was increased weekly (5%, 10%, 20%, 30%) at the expense of the supplementary feeds. No significant effects were observed for body weight at d 42 and excreta viscosity between all groups. Overall, foot pad health was excellent. Compared to the control group, birds fed SFI-Corn displayed a significant increase in gizzard relative weight, whereas, in contrast to all other groups, ileal villus height was significantly lower. In conclusion, feeding SFI-Corn or SFII-Rye diets had no negative influences on performance, litter quality and digesta viscosity, whereas SFI-Corn partially affected ileal morphology. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet; poultry; sustainability; growth; gut health diet; poultry; sustainability; growth; gut health
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MDPI and ACS Style

El-Wahab, A.A.; Lingens, J.B.; Chuppava, B.; Ahmed, M.F.E.; Osman, A.; Langeheine, M.; Brehm, R.; Taube, V.; Grone, R.; von Felde, A.; Kamphues, J.; Visscher, C. Impact of Rye Inclusion in Diets for Broilers on Performance, Litter Quality, Foot Pad Health, Digesta Viscosity, Organ Traits and Intestinal Morphology. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7753. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187753

AMA Style

El-Wahab AA, Lingens JB, Chuppava B, Ahmed MFE, Osman A, Langeheine M, Brehm R, Taube V, Grone R, von Felde A, Kamphues J, Visscher C. Impact of Rye Inclusion in Diets for Broilers on Performance, Litter Quality, Foot Pad Health, Digesta Viscosity, Organ Traits and Intestinal Morphology. Sustainability. 2020; 12(18):7753. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187753

Chicago/Turabian Style

El-Wahab, Amr Abd, Jan Berend Lingens, Bussarakam Chuppava, Marwa F. E. Ahmed, Ahmed Osman, Marion Langeheine, Ralph Brehm, Venja Taube, Richard Grone, Andreas von Felde, Josef Kamphues, and Christian Visscher. 2020. "Impact of Rye Inclusion in Diets for Broilers on Performance, Litter Quality, Foot Pad Health, Digesta Viscosity, Organ Traits and Intestinal Morphology" Sustainability 12, no. 18: 7753. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187753

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