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Open AccessArticle

Lifetime Analysis of Energy Storage Systems for Sustainable Transportation

1
Institute of Electrical Measurement and Measurement Signal Processing, Energy Aware Systems Group, Graz University of Technology, 8010 Graz, Austria
2
Institute of Machine Components and Methods of Development, Graz University of Technology, 8010 Graz, Austria
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(23), 6731; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11236731
Received: 15 October 2019 / Revised: 21 November 2019 / Accepted: 23 November 2019 / Published: 27 November 2019
On the path to a low-carbon future, advancements in energy storage seem to be achieved on a nearly daily basis. However, for the use-case of sustainable transportation, only a handful of technologies can be considered, as these technologies must be reliable, economical, and suitable for transportation applications. This paper describes the characteristics and aging process of two well-established and commercially available technologies, namely Lithium-Ion batteries and supercaps, and one less known system, flywheel energy storage, in the context of public transit buses. Beyond the obvious use-case of onboard energy storage, stationary buffer storage inside the required fast-charging stations for the electric vehicles is also discussed. Calculations and considerations are based on actual zero-emission buses operating in Graz, Austria. The main influencing parameters and effects related to energy storage aging are analyzed in detail. Based on the discussed aging behavior, advantages, disadvantages, and a techno-economic analysis for both use-cases is presented. A final suitability assessment of each energy storage technology concludes the use-case analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: flywheel energy storage; FESS; e-mobility; battery; supercapacitor; lifetime comparison; charging station; renewable energy storage flywheel energy storage; FESS; e-mobility; battery; supercapacitor; lifetime comparison; charging station; renewable energy storage
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Haidl, P.; Buchroithner, A.; Schweighofer, B.; Bader, M.; Wegleiter, H. Lifetime Analysis of Energy Storage Systems for Sustainable Transportation. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6731.

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