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Open AccessArticle

The Genetic Structure of the Field Pea Landrace “Roveja di Civita di Cascia”

Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Alimentari e Ambientali, Università degli Studi di Perugia, 06100 Perugia, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Sustainability 2019, 11(22), 6493; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226493
Received: 24 October 2019 / Revised: 13 November 2019 / Accepted: 15 November 2019 / Published: 18 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genetic Resources for Sustainable Agriculture)
“Roveja di Civita di Cascia” is a landrace of Pisum sativum grown in marginal land habitats of the Apennines, Central Italy, and is one of the eleven herbaceous crop landraces listed in the Regional Register of local varieties. The objective of the present paper was to assess its genetic structure using 62 morphological traits and five microsatellites. As many as 55 traits showed significant differences with the control entries (P. sativum subsp. sativum var. arvense and var. sativum). We tested P. sativum Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs) for their transferability to “Roveja”, and found that only 12 out of 35 performed well. Of these, we demonstrated that five were sufficient to assess the genetic structure of this landrace, characterized by several private alleles, differentiating it from Paladio and Bluemoon, which were used as controls. Phenotypic and genotypic data evidenced a genetic structure based on a blend of several pure-bred lines. The sustainability of on-farm landrace conservation is discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: field pea; genetic resources; genetic structure; landraces; local products; molecular markers; Pisum sativum; rural sustainability; SSR; Simple Sequence Repeats field pea; genetic resources; genetic structure; landraces; local products; molecular markers; Pisum sativum; rural sustainability; SSR; Simple Sequence Repeats
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Ferradini, N.; Torricelli, R.; Terzaroli, N.; Albertini, E.; Russi, L. The Genetic Structure of the Field Pea Landrace “Roveja di Civita di Cascia”. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6493.

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