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Review

Urban Sprawl and Sustainable Urban Policies. A Review of the Cases of Lima, Mexico City and Santiago de Chile

1
Applied Economics II, University of Seville, 4, 41004 Seville, Spain
2
Applied Economics II, University of Seville, 1, 41018 Seville, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(20), 5835; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205835
Received: 10 September 2019 / Revised: 14 October 2019 / Accepted: 15 October 2019 / Published: 21 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economic Geography and Sustainable Urban Sprawl)
In recent decades, urban processes have experienced deep transformations. One of them has been the growing importance of urban sprawl. This article reviews its main features and the policies related to the paradigm of sustainability in three Latin American Megalopolises: Mexico City, Lima, and Santiago de Chile. For this purpose, we have carried out an extensive compilation of the existing academic literature. Urban sprawl in those cities cannot be understood without considering the rising housing needs of popular classes, usually addressed through the sequence settlement-parceling-building-urbanization. Simultaneously high-income groups tend to create separated and gated commodities and there is increasing spatial mobility of the middle classes. Those processes tend to generate highly segregated and increasingly patched metropolitan areas. Sustainability is framed on models of urban governance based on ecological modernization. In this context, three main sustainable policies are analyzed: water supply, green areas provision, and transport. Conclusions stress: (1) Deep changes experienced and the path-dependent element observed in the social construction of sustainability (2) Consolidation of a model of socially segregated and ecologically differentiated urban polycentrism (3) Relevance of the different megalopolises as niches of experimentation and innovation in the construction of specific forms of sustainable transition. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban sprawl; urban governance; environmental governance; bio-social construction; Latin America; sustainable policies; sustainable transition; water supply; green areas; sustainable transport urban sprawl; urban governance; environmental governance; bio-social construction; Latin America; sustainable policies; sustainable transition; water supply; green areas; sustainable transport
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MDPI and ACS Style

Coq-Huelva, D.; Asián-Chaves, R. Urban Sprawl and Sustainable Urban Policies. A Review of the Cases of Lima, Mexico City and Santiago de Chile. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5835. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205835

AMA Style

Coq-Huelva D, Asián-Chaves R. Urban Sprawl and Sustainable Urban Policies. A Review of the Cases of Lima, Mexico City and Santiago de Chile. Sustainability. 2019; 11(20):5835. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205835

Chicago/Turabian Style

Coq-Huelva, Daniel; Asián-Chaves, Rosario. 2019. "Urban Sprawl and Sustainable Urban Policies. A Review of the Cases of Lima, Mexico City and Santiago de Chile" Sustainability 11, no. 20: 5835. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205835

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