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Urban Sprawl and Sustainable Urban Policies. A Review of the Cases of Lima, Mexico City and Santiago de Chile
Article

The Role of Planning Policies in Promoting Urban Sprawl in Intermediate Cities: Evidence from Chile

1
Institute of Geography, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Vicuña Mackenna #4860, Macul 7810000, Chile
2
Centre for Sustainable Urban Development (CEDEUS), Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Los Navegantes #1963, Providencia, Santiago 7520246, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(24), 7165; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11247165
Received: 1 October 2019 / Revised: 21 November 2019 / Accepted: 2 December 2019 / Published: 13 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economic Geography and Sustainable Urban Sprawl)
Urban sprawl has been studied principally as a phenomenon produced by a lack of or weakness in urban planning, as a consequence of real estate liberalization. This article examines the Chilean case, and proposes that the state has been the engine of this phenomenon through spatial planning instruments that have both neoliberal and neostructural features, and that are best defined by the concept, new public management. The analysis tracks urban sprawl in four intermediate cities, which have experienced high rates of growth since 2000, using photointerpretation of satellite images between 2003 and 2011, and the creation of a typology to define land uses and housing types. The results show that intermediate cities follow similar trends to the capital city, Santiago, and face similar problems, in particular the concentration of services in the urban core. These similarities are produced by the application of general planning instruments: Article 55 and Decree Law 3516. While most research on urban sprawl focuses on private agency, this article highlights the role of the state in its production. It is therefore relevant to explore the nature of public agency in urban sprawl processes in different metropolitan and intermediate cities, and how planning policies can be adapted to curb the phenomenon. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban sprawl; neostructuralism; intermediate cities; urban planning; Chile urban sprawl; neostructuralism; intermediate cities; urban planning; Chile
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barton, J.R.; Ramírez, M.I. The Role of Planning Policies in Promoting Urban Sprawl in Intermediate Cities: Evidence from Chile. Sustainability 2019, 11, 7165. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11247165

AMA Style

Barton JR, Ramírez MI. The Role of Planning Policies in Promoting Urban Sprawl in Intermediate Cities: Evidence from Chile. Sustainability. 2019; 11(24):7165. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11247165

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barton, Jonathan R., and María I. Ramírez. 2019. "The Role of Planning Policies in Promoting Urban Sprawl in Intermediate Cities: Evidence from Chile" Sustainability 11, no. 24: 7165. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11247165

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