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An Optimization Approach for the Coordinated Low-Carbon Design of Product Family and Remanufactured Products

College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
Departamento de Sistemas Informáticos y Computación, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n 46071, 46022 Valencia, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(2), 460;
Received: 19 November 2018 / Revised: 27 December 2018 / Accepted: 15 January 2019 / Published: 16 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Intelligent Manufacturing Systems)
PDF [1445 KB, uploaded 16 January 2019]


With increasingly stringent environmental regulations on emission standards, enterprises and investigators are looking for effective ways to decrease GHG emission from products. As an important method for reducing GHG emission of products, low-carbon product family design has attracted more and more attention. Existing research, related to low-carbon product family design, did not take into account remanufactured products. Nowadays, it is popular to launch remanufactured products for environmental benefit and meeting customer needs. On the one hand, the design of remanufactured products is influenced by product family design. On the other hand, the launch of remanufactured products may cannibalize the sale of new products. Thus, the design of remanufactured products should be considered together with the product family design for obtaining the maximum profit and reducing the GHG emission as soon as possible. The purpose of this paper is to present an optimization model to concurrently determine product family design, remanufactured products planning and remanufacturing parameters selection with consideration of the customer preference, the total profit of a company and the total GHG emission from production. A genetic algorithm is applied to solve the optimization problem. The proposed method can help decision-makers to simultaneously determine the design of a product family and remanufactured products with a better trade-off between profit and environmental impact. Finally, a case study is performed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the presented approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: low carbon; remanufacturing; product family design; joint decision-making low carbon; remanufacturing; product family design; joint decision-making

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Wang, Q.; Tang, D.; Li, S.; Yang, J.; Salido, M.A.; Giret, A.; Zhu, H. An Optimization Approach for the Coordinated Low-Carbon Design of Product Family and Remanufactured Products. Sustainability 2019, 11, 460.

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