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Combining Marine Ecology and Economy to Roadmap the Integrated Coastal Management: A Systematic Literature Review

Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Department of Integrative Marine Ecology, Villa Comunale, I-80121 Naples, Italy
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These authors contribute equally to this work.
Sustainability 2019, 11(16), 4393; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164393
Received: 24 June 2019 / Revised: 29 July 2019 / Accepted: 9 August 2019 / Published: 14 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Urban Water Landscapes and Blue-Green Infrastructure)
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Abstract

Integrated coastal management (ICM) relies on the inclusion of economic issues within marine ecology. To assess the progress of this integration, we applied topic modelling and network analysis to explore the pertinent literature (583 Isi-WoS, and 5459 Scopus papers). We classified the topics of interest (i.e., concepts, approaches, and sectors) that combined ecological and economic issues within marine science, we aggregated these topics in fields pertinent to ICM, and tracked the knowledge-exchange between these fields by using an information-flow network. Main findings were: (i) the high trans-disciplinary fashion of studies about marine protection and of those about commercial fisheries, (ii) the weak interaction between studies focusing on potential biohazards and those about environmental management, (iii) the isolation, in the overall information-flow, of studies about ecotourism and aquaculture. We included in a roadmap all the integration routes we detected within ICM, based on the combination of ecological and economic issues. We conclude that, to improve integration, ICM should: (i) Exploit marine protection as a bridge between ecological and economic concepts and approaches, and between maritime economy sectors, (ii) employ systems ecology to pursue trans-disciplinary investigations, (iii) complement systems ecology with citizen science by means of inclusive economic initiatives, such as ecotourism. View Full-Text
Keywords: coastal resilience; ecological economics; integrated coastal management; marine ecology; marine/maritime economy; socio-ecological systems; network science; topic modelling coastal resilience; ecological economics; integrated coastal management; marine ecology; marine/maritime economy; socio-ecological systems; network science; topic modelling
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Hay Mele, B.; Russo, L.; D’Alelio, D. Combining Marine Ecology and Economy to Roadmap the Integrated Coastal Management: A Systematic Literature Review. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4393.

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