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Open AccessArticle

Towards Comprehensive Policy Integration for the Sustainability of Small Islands: A Landscape-Scale Planning Approach for the Galápagos Islands

1
Cities Research Institute, Griffith University, Brisbane 4111, Australia
2
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, The University of Waikato, Hamilton 3216, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 1228; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041228
Received: 12 March 2018 / Revised: 12 April 2018 / Accepted: 12 April 2018 / Published: 17 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
Accomplishing and implementing sustainable development goals in the context of insular socio-ecological systems requires effective policy integration—i.e., the integration of policy actors across multiple sectors and levels of government to improve policy outcomes. However, achieving policy integration entails significant challenges because it is highly context-dependent. This study investigates policy integration within the complex socio-ecological context of the Galápagos Islands in Ecuador. The paper analyses Galápagos legal and planning documents to evaluate the extent to which they support comprehensive policy integration. The analysis found that recently adopted institutional arrangements have strengthened government institutions at the provincial level, and started to consider concepts relating to socio-ecological and land–sea management. Nevertheless, key policy actors and pressing issues remain unattended, due to policy inconsistencies, institutional arrangements limitations, and fragmented approaches to conservation and development control between provincial and local governments. Insights are presented to improve the comprehensiveness of policy integration in Galápagos based on a landscape-scale planning approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: socio-ecological systems; islands; conservation; World Heritage Site; institutional arrangements; policy integration; landscape planning socio-ecological systems; islands; conservation; World Heritage Site; institutional arrangements; policy integration; landscape planning
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Pazmiño, A.; Serrao-Neumann, S.; Low Choy, D. Towards Comprehensive Policy Integration for the Sustainability of Small Islands: A Landscape-Scale Planning Approach for the Galápagos Islands. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1228.

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