Next Article in Journal
The Relationship between Team Hometown Diversity and Team Creativity: From the Chinese Perspective
Next Article in Special Issue
Antecedent and Consequences of Psychological Capital of Entrepreneurs
Previous Article in Journal
Using a Novel Grey DANP Model to Identify Interactions between Manufacturing and Logistics Industries in China
Previous Article in Special Issue
Sustainability in Organizations: Perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibility and Spanish Employees’ Attitudes and Behaviors
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Psychological Capital Research: A Meta-Analysis and Implications for Management Sustainability

Department of Business Administration, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huaian 223001, China
Department of Business Administration, Cheng Shiu University, Kaohsiung 83347, Taiwan
Postgraduate Programs in Management, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung 83347, Taiwan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(10), 3457;
Received: 20 August 2018 / Revised: 11 September 2018 / Accepted: 25 September 2018 / Published: 28 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psychology of Sustainability and Sustainable Development)
PDF [195 KB, uploaded 28 September 2018]


The purpose of this study is to conduct a wide-ranging meta-analytic review of empirical psychological capital studies in the management field. We conducted a meta-analysis on papers collected from the EBSCOhost and ProQuest databases. For comprehensive and extensive literature coverage, we also searched and compared the Journal Citation Report for the journals that referenced the most-cited articles (e.g., Journal of Organizational Behavior, Academy of Management Journal, etc.). A total of 81 published types of research were thoroughly selected and analyzed. The results revealed that, with different weighting, the following influencing factors have significant associations with psychological capital: organizational climate, organizational justice, authentic leadership, leader–member exchange, and occupational stress. Also, with different influencing weighting, psychological capital is confirmed to have impacts on job satisfaction, attitude, performance, organizational citizenship behavior, and undesirable behaviors. Implications for managerial sustainability are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychological capital; meta-analysis; influencing and influenced factors; sustainability psychological capital; meta-analysis; influencing and influenced factors; sustainability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kong, F.; Tsai, C.-H.; Tsai, F.-S.; Huang, W.; De la Cruz, S.M. Psychological Capital Research: A Meta-Analysis and Implications for Management Sustainability. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3457.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top