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Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 274;

Investigation of Pedestrian Comfort with Wind Chill during Winter

Department of Architectural Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 December 2017 / Revised: 12 January 2018 / Accepted: 18 January 2018 / Published: 22 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Sustainable Built Environment)
PDF [3037 KB, uploaded 22 January 2018]


Two types of methods are used to evaluate pedestrian comfort: pedestrian wind comfort and outdoor thermal comfort. To accurately ascertain the outdoor wind environment, wind speed is the only parameter considered. However, pedestrians may still feel discomfort when the perceived temperature is low, even though the wind comfort criterion has been satisfactorily fulfilled. The purpose of this study is, therefore, to investigate pedestrian comfort when the perceived temperature is low, especially in winter conditions. To achieve this, a pedestrian survey was conducted, and 588 respondents completed a questionnaire. The results show that pedestrians feel discomfort when the WCET (Wind Chill Equivalent Temperature) is low, with almost 40 percent of respondents answering that they feel discomfort in these conditions. In conclusion, the threshold wind speed of the winter season could be determined to be lower than that of the existing comfort criteria by applying the WCET. View Full-Text
Keywords: pedestrian comfort; outdoor wind comfort; thermal comfort; wind chill; comfort criteria pedestrian comfort; outdoor wind comfort; thermal comfort; wind chill; comfort criteria

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Kim, H.; Lee, K.; Kim, T. Investigation of Pedestrian Comfort with Wind Chill during Winter. Sustainability 2018, 10, 274.

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