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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Vehicle Charging as a Source of Grid Frequency Regulation

AeroVironment Inc
World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6(4), 875-880;
Published: 27 December 2013
PDF [1230 KB, uploaded 18 May 2018]


Electric power grids require that power generation and loads are in balance in order to keep the grid frequency constant. When there is an imbalance between the generation and load, the grid frequency will change. Grid frequency regulation is usually a service performed by powerplants that are controlled to vary their generation output up and down from a nominal value. Plug-in vehicles can provide a similar function by varying their charging rate based on locally-measured grid frequency. As plug-in vehicles reach large scale adoption, there is the potential for all frequency regulation to be provided through charging of plug-in vehicles.
Keywords: charging; power management; regulation; smart grid; V2G (vehicle to grid) charging; power management; regulation; smart grid; V2G (vehicle to grid)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Brooks, A.N. Vehicle Charging as a Source of Grid Frequency Regulation. World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6, 875-880.

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