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Open AccessArticle

Fuel-electricity mix and efficiency in Dutch plug-in and range-extender vehicles on the road

Sustainable Transport and Logistics group, TNO, PO Box 49, 2600 AA Delft, The Netherlands
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World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6(2), 433-436; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj6020433
Published: 28 June 2013
For the Dutch Ministry for Infrastructure and the Environment data of plug-in vehicles was collected. Data concerning fueling and charging of plug-in vehicles is collected from lease companies, a fuel-pass company, and the charging infrastruture organisation. More than 10% of the total Dutch plug-in fleet is covered. The electricity data is insufficient to derive a real-world electricity use, e.g., kWh/100km. However, the amount of electric kilometers are determined and verified to be about 24%. A substantial group of users charge the vehicle once or twice a day. However, among the business users, there seems to be a substantial group who do not use the charging capabilities of the plug-in vehicles. The Dutch report is sent by the minister to the Dutch Parliament in June 2013. [3]
Keywords: fuel consumption; plug-in vehicles; range-extender vehicles; monitoring fuel consumption; plug-in vehicles; range-extender vehicles; monitoring
MDPI and ACS Style

Ligterink, N.E.; Smokers, R.T.; Bolech, M. Fuel-electricity mix and efficiency in Dutch plug-in and range-extender vehicles on the road. World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6, 433-436.

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