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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of a multipurpose hybrid vehicle concept

CTL, Sapienza University of Rome, Via Eudossiana 18, 00184 Rome, Italy
Guglielmo Marconi University - Via Plinio 44 Roma, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2010, 4(1), 110-118;
Published: 26 March 2010
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The HOST project developed concept and prototype for an innovative low polluting modular transport mean suitable for the urban transport of people and goods. Main HOST commercial innovation is to use one vehicle for four different transport service in the 24 hours thus lowering the extra-cost of having a low polluting vehicle. HOST has been dimensioned to supply four different urban transport services: nocturne collective taxi, daytime car sharing, daytime freight collection and distribution and nocturne garbage collection. The user acceptance, energy and environmental and financial evaluation are reported in this paper.
The user acceptance evaluation showed that HOST characteristics (transshipment capabilities, enhanced maneuverability and environmental concern) are interesting, but issues as the technological complexity and lack of infrastructures have to be resolved. The powertrain, a hybrid series, has considerably lower emissions levels than conventional vehicles while consumption is comparable for all the services but car-sharing in which HOST consumes more due to its higher weight.
The financial evaluation shows that at the moment, to build the HOST powertrain, about 165 000 € are needed and a complete vehicle with also the cabin could cost about 290 000 €. To be financially competitive, the global cost of HOST should be between 220 000 and 230 000 €; 60 000€ less than the cost of the prototype.
Keywords: hybrid series; financial evaluation; emissions; HOST vehicle hybrid series; financial evaluation; emissions; HOST vehicle
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Alessandrini, A.; Filippi, F.; Ortenzi, F.; Orecchini, F. Evaluation of a multipurpose hybrid vehicle concept. World Electr. Veh. J. 2010, 4, 110-118.

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