Biodistribution and Physiologically-Based Pharmacokinetic Modeling of Gold Nanoparticles in Mice with Interspecies Extrapolation
AbstractGold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are a focus of growing medical research applications due to their unique chemical, electrical and optical properties. Because of uncertain toxicity, “green” synthesis methods are emerging, using plant extracts to improve biological and environmental compatibility. Here we explore the biodistribution of green AuNPs in mice and prepare a physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model to guide interspecies extrapolation. Monodisperse AuNPs were synthesized and capped with epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and curcumin. 64 CD-1 mice received the AuNPs by intraperitoneal injection. To assess biodistribution, groups of six mice were sacrificed at 1, 7, 14, 28 and 56 days, and their organs were analyzed for gold content using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). A physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model was developed to describe the biodistribution data in mice. To assess the potential for interspecies extrapolation, organism-specific parameters in the model were adapted to represent rats, and the rat PBPK model was subsequently evaluated with PK data for citrate-capped AuNPs from literature. The liver and spleen displayed strong uptake, and the PBPK model suggested that extravasation and phagocytosis were key drivers. Organ predictions following interspecies extrapolation were successful for rats receiving citrate-capped AuNPs. This work lays the foundation for the pre-clinical extrapolation of the pharmacokinetics of AuNPs from mice to larger species. View Full-Text
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Aborig, M.; Malik, P.R.V.; Nambiar, S.; Chelle, P.; Darko, J.; Mutsaers, A.; Edginton, A.N.; Fleck, A.; Osei, E.; Wettig, S. Biodistribution and Physiologically-Based Pharmacokinetic Modeling of Gold Nanoparticles in Mice with Interspecies Extrapolation. Pharmaceutics 2019, 11, 179.
Aborig M, Malik PRV, Nambiar S, Chelle P, Darko J, Mutsaers A, Edginton AN, Fleck A, Osei E, Wettig S. Biodistribution and Physiologically-Based Pharmacokinetic Modeling of Gold Nanoparticles in Mice with Interspecies Extrapolation. Pharmaceutics. 2019; 11(4):179.Chicago/Turabian Style
Aborig, Mohamed; Malik, Paul R.V.; Nambiar, Shruti; Chelle, Pierre; Darko, Johnson; Mutsaers, Anthony; Edginton, Andrea N.; Fleck, Andre; Osei, Ernest; Wettig, Shawn. 2019. "Biodistribution and Physiologically-Based Pharmacokinetic Modeling of Gold Nanoparticles in Mice with Interspecies Extrapolation." Pharmaceutics 11, no. 4: 179.
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