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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Profile of CO2, CO, and H2 Emissions from Thermal Oxidation of Polish Coals

1
Department of Mining Aerology, Central Mining Institute, Pl. Gwarków 1, 40-166 Katowice, Poland
2
Central Mining Institute, Pl. Gwarków 1, 40-166 Katowice, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(4), 848; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13040848
Received: 13 January 2020 / Revised: 7 February 2020 / Accepted: 11 February 2020 / Published: 13 February 2020
The self-heating phenomenon of coal leads to work safety hazards in underground mining. The quantitative analysis of gaseous products in mine atmosphere constitutes one of the detection methods of advanced coal heating. The article presents the results of tests on CO, CO2, and H2 emissions during simulated heating of coal in the temperature range of 323–523 K. The oxidation of 15 Polish coals of various carbon contents was performed using a flow reactor technique. A chromatography method was applied to measure the changes of oxidation products concentrations with the increase of temperature. It has been determined that all the tested gases were generated at the initial temperature. The collected data indicated that CO2 was a major oxidation product in the entire temperature range, while the amounts of H2 produced did not exceed 0.49% volume. At the temperature of 323 K, the ratio of CO2/CO was in the range of 10–23 but along with the temperature increase the ratio range narrowed to 3–4. In this paper, a comparison of the physical-chemical properties of the tested coals and the emissions profile of the gases using, among others, the hierarchical clustering analysis showed that samples with higher oxygen, sulfur, and inertinite content as well as lower ash and carbon content formed larger amounts of fire gases. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon oxides; hydrogen; endogenous fire; oxidation; coal; HCA analysis carbon oxides; hydrogen; endogenous fire; oxidation; coal; HCA analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wojtacha-Rychter, K.; Smoliński, A. Profile of CO2, CO, and H2 Emissions from Thermal Oxidation of Polish Coals. Materials 2020, 13, 848.

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