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Open AccessArticle

Tribological Properties of Ni/Cu/Ni Coating on the Ti-6Al-4V Alloy after Annealing at Various Temperatures

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CNPC Tubular Goods Research Institute, Xi’an 710017, China
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CNPC Key Laboratory for PetroChina Tubular Goods Engineering, Xi’an 710077, China
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School of Materials Science and Engineering, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710064, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(4), 847; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13040847
Received: 6 January 2020 / Revised: 22 January 2020 / Accepted: 11 February 2020 / Published: 13 February 2020
Diffusion reaction was a crucial route to enhance the wear resistance of Ti-6Al-4V alloys surface. In this work, the Ni/Cu/Ni composite layers were fabricated on the surface of Ti-6Al-4V alloy by electroplate craft, and then different annealing temperatures were applied to further optimize its tribological properties. The diffusion behaviors at various temperatures were systematically analyzed to reveal the physical mechanism of the enhanced tribological properties of the coatings. It was demonstrated that CuxTiy and NixTiy intermetallic compounds with high hardness and strength were produced in the Ni/Cu/Ni coating, which acted as the reinforcing phases and improved the microhardness, reduced the friction coefficient, and lessened the wear rate. Specially, this effect reached the maximum when the annealing temperature was 800 °C, showing excellent wear resistance. This work revealed the relationship between annealing temperatures and tribological properties of the Ni/Cu/Ni coating, and proposed wear mechanism, aiming to improve the surface performance of Ti-6Al-4V alloy by appropriate diffusion behavior. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ti-6Al-4V alloy; Ni/Cu/Ni coating; phases transitions; tribological properties; wear mechanism Ti-6Al-4V alloy; Ni/Cu/Ni coating; phases transitions; tribological properties; wear mechanism
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MDPI and ACS Style

Luo, J.; Wang, N.; Zhu, L.; Wu, G.; Li, L.; Yang, M.; Zhang, L.; Chen, Y. Tribological Properties of Ni/Cu/Ni Coating on the Ti-6Al-4V Alloy after Annealing at Various Temperatures. Materials 2020, 13, 847.

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