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Industrial Ceramic Brick Drying in Oven by CFD

1
Postgraduate Program in Process Engineering, Federal University of Campina Grande, Campina Grande 58429-900, Paraíba, Brazil
2
Baiano Federal Institute, Santa Inês, Bahia 47440-000, Brazil
3
Federal Institute of Paraiba, Princesa Isabel, Paraíba 58015-020, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(10), 1612; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12101612
Received: 20 April 2019 / Revised: 8 May 2019 / Accepted: 14 May 2019 / Published: 16 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Control in the Energy Sector)
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Abstract

The drying process is a step of ceramic brick production which requires the control of process variables to provide a final product with a porous uniform structure, reducing superficial and volumetric defects and production costs. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is an important tool in this process control, predicting the drying physical phenomenon and providing data that improve the industrial efficiency production. Furthermore, research involving CFD brick drying has neglected the effects of oven parameters, limiting the analysis only to the bricks. In this sense, the aim of this work is to numerically study the hot air-drying process of an industrial hollow ceramic brick in an oven at 70 °C. The results of the water mass and temperature distributions inside the brick, as well as moisture, temperature, velocity and pressure fields of the oven drying air at different process times are shown, analyzed and compared with experimental data, presenting a good agreement. View Full-Text
Keywords: drying; brick; temperature; moisture; CFD drying; brick; temperature; moisture; CFD
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Araújo, M.V.; Pereira, A.S.; Oliveira, J.L.; Brandão, V.A.A.; Brasileiro Filho, F.A.; Silva, R.M.; Lima, A.G.B. Industrial Ceramic Brick Drying in Oven by CFD. Materials 2019, 12, 1612.

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