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Open AccessArticle

Energy Donor Effect on the Sensing Performance for a Series of FRET-Based Two-Photon Fluorescent Hg2+ Probes

by Yujin Zhang 1 and Wei Hu 2,*
1
School of Science, Qilu University of Technology, Jinan 250353, China
2
Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, iChEM (Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Energy Materials), School of Chemistry and Materials Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Qing-Hua Xu
Materials 2017, 10(2), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10020108
Received: 29 December 2016 / Revised: 18 January 2017 / Accepted: 22 January 2017 / Published: 25 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Two-Photon Absorption Materials)
Nonlinear optical properties of a series of newly-synthesized molecular fluorescent probes for Hg2+ containing the same acceptor (rhodamine group) are analyzed by using time-dependent density functional theory in combination with analytical response theory. Special emphasis is placed on evolution of the probes’ optical properties in the absence and presence of Hg2+. These compounds show drastic changes in their photoabsorption and photoemission properties when they react with Hg2+, indicating that they are excellent candidates for ratiometric and colorimetric fluorescent chemosensors. Most importantly, the energy donor moiety is found to play a dominant role in sensing performance of these probes. Two-photon absorption cross sections of the compounds are increased with the presence of Hg2+, which theoretically suggests the possibility of the probes to be two-photon fluorescent Hg2+ sensors. Moreover, analysis of molecular orbitals is presented to explore responsive mechanism of the probes, where the fluorescence resonant energy transfer process is theoretically demonstrated. Our results elucidate the available experimental measurements. This work provides guidance for designing efficient two-photon fluorescent probes that are geared towards biological and chemical applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: two-photon fluorescent probe; two-photon absorption; two-photon microscopy two-photon fluorescent probe; two-photon absorption; two-photon microscopy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Y.; Hu, W. Energy Donor Effect on the Sensing Performance for a Series of FRET-Based Two-Photon Fluorescent Hg2+ Probes. Materials 2017, 10, 108.

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