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Article

Overview of Sustainable Aviation Fuels with Emission Characteristic and Particles Emission of the Turbine Engine Fueled ATJ Blends with Different Percentages of ATJ Fuel

Faculty of Civil and Transport Engineering, Poznan University of Technology, 60-965 Poznan, Poland
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Academic Editor: S M Ashrafur Rahman
Energies 2021, 14(7), 1858; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14071858
Received: 3 February 2021 / Revised: 21 March 2021 / Accepted: 23 March 2021 / Published: 26 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alternative Fuels and Their Application to Combustion Engines)
The following article focuses on sustainable aviation fuels, which include first and second generation biofuels and other non-biomass fuels that meet most of environmental, operational and physicochemical requirements. Several of the requirements for sustainable aviation fuels are discussed in this article. The main focus was on researching the alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) alternative fuel. The tests covered the emission of harmful gaseous compounds with the Semtech DS analyzer, as well as the number and mass concentration of particles of three fuels: reference fuel Jet A-1, a mixture of Jet A-1 and 30% of ATJ fuel, and mixture of Jet A-1 and 50% of ATJ fuel. The number concentration of particles allowed us to calculate, inter alia, the corresponding particle number index and particle mass index. The analysis of the results made it possible to determine the effect of the content of alternative fuel in a mixture with conventional fuel on the emission of harmful exhaust compounds and the concentration of particles. One of the main conclusion is that by using a 50% blend of ATJ and Jet A-1, the total number and mass of particulate matter at high engine loads can be reduced by almost 18% and 53%, respectively, relative to pure Jet A-1 fuel. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol-to-jet; alternative fuel; SAF; emission; particles; particulate matter alcohol-to-jet; alternative fuel; SAF; emission; particles; particulate matter
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kurzawska, P.; Jasiński, R. Overview of Sustainable Aviation Fuels with Emission Characteristic and Particles Emission of the Turbine Engine Fueled ATJ Blends with Different Percentages of ATJ Fuel. Energies 2021, 14, 1858. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14071858

AMA Style

Kurzawska P, Jasiński R. Overview of Sustainable Aviation Fuels with Emission Characteristic and Particles Emission of the Turbine Engine Fueled ATJ Blends with Different Percentages of ATJ Fuel. Energies. 2021; 14(7):1858. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14071858

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kurzawska, Paula, and Remigiusz Jasiński. 2021. "Overview of Sustainable Aviation Fuels with Emission Characteristic and Particles Emission of the Turbine Engine Fueled ATJ Blends with Different Percentages of ATJ Fuel" Energies 14, no. 7: 1858. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14071858

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