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Review

Transforming Plastic Waste into Porous Carbon for Capturing Carbon Dioxide: A Review

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Research Centre for Carbon Dioxide Capture and Utilisation (CCDCU), School of Engineering and Techno logy, Sunway University, No. 5 Jalan Universiti, Bandar Sunway, Petaling Jaya 47500, Selangor, Malaysia
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Department of Engineering, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YW, UK
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Faculty of Chemical Engineering & Technology, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Arau 02600, Perlis, Malaysia
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Centre of Excellence for Biomass Utilization (COEBU), Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Arau 02600, Perlis, Malaysia
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Attilio Converti
Energies 2021, 14(24), 8421; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14248421
Received: 19 October 2021 / Revised: 8 November 2021 / Accepted: 10 November 2021 / Published: 14 December 2021
Plastic waste generation has increased dramatically every day. Indiscriminate disposal of plastic wastes can lead to several negative impacts on the environment, such as a significant increase in greenhouse gas emissions and water pollution. Therefore, it is wise to think of other alternatives to reduce plastic wastes without affecting the environment, including converting them into valuable products using effective methods such as pyrolysis. Products from the pyrolysis process encompassing of liquid, gas, and solid residues (char) can be turned into beneficial products, as the liquid product can be used as a commercial fuel and char can function as an excellent adsorbent. The char produced from plastic wastes could be modified to enhance carbon dioxide (CO2) adsorption performance. Therefore, this review attempts to compile relevant knowledge on the potential of adsorbents derived from waste plastic to capture CO2. This review was performed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. The plastic-waste-derived activated carbon, as an adsorbent, could provide a promising method to solve the two environmental issues (CO2 emission and solid management) simultaneously. In addition, the future perspective on char derived from waste plastics is highlighted. View Full-Text
Keywords: CO2 capture; carbon emission and utilization; adsorption; plastic waste; pyrolysis; char CO2 capture; carbon emission and utilization; adsorption; plastic waste; pyrolysis; char
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hussin, F.; Aroua, M.K.; Kassim, M.A.; Md. Ali, U.F. Transforming Plastic Waste into Porous Carbon for Capturing Carbon Dioxide: A Review. Energies 2021, 14, 8421. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14248421

AMA Style

Hussin F, Aroua MK, Kassim MA, Md. Ali UF. Transforming Plastic Waste into Porous Carbon for Capturing Carbon Dioxide: A Review. Energies. 2021; 14(24):8421. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14248421

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hussin, Farihahusnah, Mohamed Kheireddine Aroua, Mohd Azlan Kassim, and Umi Fazara Md. Ali. 2021. "Transforming Plastic Waste into Porous Carbon for Capturing Carbon Dioxide: A Review" Energies 14, no. 24: 8421. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14248421

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