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Energies 2019, 12(8), 1415; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12081415

Internal Combustion Engine Analysis of Energy Ecological Parameters by Neutrosophic MULTIMOORA and SWARA Methods

1
Laboratory of Operational Research, Institute of Sustainable Construction, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University Saulėtekio al. 11, LT-10223 Vilnius, Lithuania
2
Department of Mechanical and Material Engineering, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Basanaviciaus str. 28, LT-03324 Vilnius, Lithuania
3
Department of Automobile Engineering, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Basanaviciaus str. 28, LT-03324 Vilnius, Lithuania
4
Department of Graphical Systems, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University Saulėtekio al. 11, LT-10223 Vilnius, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 March 2019 / Revised: 3 April 2019 / Accepted: 4 April 2019 / Published: 12 April 2019
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Abstract

The investigation for new innovative solutions to reduce transport pollution is a priority for the European Union (EU). This study includes energy and a sustainable environment, as well as transport, logistics, and information and communication technologies. Energy ecological parameters of internal combustion depend on many factors: fuel, the fuel injection time, engine torque, etc. The engine’s energy ecological parameters were studied by changing engine torques, using different fuels, and changing the start of the fuel injection time. The selection of the optimum parameters is a complex problem. Multicriteria decision-making methods (MCDM) present powerful and flexible techniques for the solution of many sustainability problems. The article presents a new way of tackling transport pollution. The analysis of the energy ecological parameters of the experimental internal combustion engine is performed using the neutrosophic multi-objective optimization by a ratio analysis plus the full multiplicative form (MULTIMOORA) and step-wise weight assessment ratio analysis (SWARA) methods. The application of MCDM methods provides us with the opportunity to establish the best alternatives which reflect the best energy ecological parameters of the internal combustion engine. View Full-Text
Keywords: internal combustion engine; fuels; energy ecological parameters; neutrosophic MULTIMOORA; SWARA internal combustion engine; fuels; energy ecological parameters; neutrosophic MULTIMOORA; SWARA
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Zavadskas, E.K.; Čereška, A.; Matijošius, J.; Rimkus, A.; Bausys, R. Internal Combustion Engine Analysis of Energy Ecological Parameters by Neutrosophic MULTIMOORA and SWARA Methods. Energies 2019, 12, 1415.

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