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Energies 2019, 12(8), 1414;

A Healthy, Energy-Efficient and Comfortable Indoor Environment, a Review

Faculty of Civil Engineering, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Radlinského 11, 810 05 Bratislava, Slovakia
A&Z Acoustics s.r.o., Letisko M.R. Štefánika 63, 820 01 Bratislava, Slovakia
Faculty of Architecture, KU Leuven, Hoogstraat 51, 9000 Gent/ Paleizenstraat 65, 1030 Brussels, Belgium
Transport Phenomena Research Centre, Engineering Faculty of Porto University, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
Vesalius College Brussels, Boulevard de la Plaine 5, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 February 2019 / Revised: 1 April 2019 / Accepted: 3 April 2019 / Published: 12 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Distributed Energy Resources Management 2018)
PDF [2411 KB, uploaded 12 April 2019]


Design strategies for sustainable buildings, that improve building performance and avoid extensive resource utilization, should also promote healthy indoor environments. The following paper contains a review of the couplings between (1) building design, (2) indoor environmental quality and (3) occupant behavior. The paper focuses on defining the limits of adaptation on the three aforementioned levels to ensure the energy efficiency of the whole system and healthy environments. The adaptation limits are described for measurable physical parameters and the relevant responsible human sensory systems, evaluating thermal comfort, visual comfort, indoor air quality and acoustical quality. The goal is to describe the interactions between the three levels where none is a passive participant, but rather an active agent of a wider human-built environment system. The conclusions are drawn in regard to the comfort of the occupant. The study reviews more than 300 sources, ranging from journals, books, conference proceedings, and reports complemented by a review of standards and directives. View Full-Text
Keywords: indoor environment quality; occupant comfort; building climate control; healthy building; energy efficiency; adaptability indoor environment quality; occupant comfort; building climate control; healthy building; energy efficiency; adaptability

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Šujanová, P.; Rychtáriková, M.; Sotto Mayor, T.; Hyder, A. A Healthy, Energy-Efficient and Comfortable Indoor Environment, a Review. Energies 2019, 12, 1414.

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