Next Article in Journal
Incidence and Risk Factors of Hyperuricemia among 2.5 Million Chinese Adults during the Years 2017–2018
Next Article in Special Issue
Community Water Fluoridation: Caveats to Implement Justice in Public Oral Health
Previous Article in Journal
Interventions to Ameliorate the Psychosocial Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Children—A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Effect of Proximal Cleaning Devices on Periodontal Status in Korean Adults between 2016 and 2018
Open AccessArticle

Protective Face Masks: Effect on the Oxygenation and Heart Rate Status of Oral Surgeons during Surgery

1
Department of Innovative Technologies in Medicine & Dentistry, University of Chieti-Pescara, Via dei Vestini, 31, 66100 Chieti, Italy
2
Department of Interdisciplinary Medicine, University of Medicine Aldo Moro, 70124 Bari, Italy
3
Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Neurosciences and Sense Organs, “Aldo Moro” University of Bari, 70121 Bari, Italy
4
Department of Medical, Oral and Biotechnological Sciences, University of Chieti-Pescara, Via dei Vestini, 31, 66100 Chieti, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Marco Mascitti and Giuseppina Campisi
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2363; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052363
Received: 11 February 2021 / Revised: 21 February 2021 / Accepted: 24 February 2021 / Published: 28 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Public Health: Issues, Challenges and Opportunities)
Background: Safety in medical work requires eye protection, such as glasses, and protective facial masks (PFM) during clinical practice to prevent viral respiratory infections. The use of facial masks and other full personal protective equipment increases air flow resistance, facial skin temperature and physical discomfort. The aim of the present study was to measure surgeons’ oxygenation status and discomfort before and after their daily routine activities of oral interventions. Methods: 10 male voluntary dentists, specializing in oral surgery, and 10 male voluntary doctors in dentistry, participating in master’s courses in oral surgery in the Department of Oral Surgery of the University of Chieti, with mean age 29 ± 6 (27–35), were enrolled. This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of wearing a PFM on oxygenation status while the oral surgeons were actively working. Disposable sterile one-way surgical paper masks (Surgical Face Mask, Euronda, Italy) and FFP2 (Surgical Face Mask, Euronda, Italy) were used and the mask position covering the nose did not vary during the procedures. The FFP2 was covered by a surgical mask during surgical treatment. A pulse oximeter was used to measure the blood oximetry saturation during the study. Results: In all 20 surgeons wearing FFP2 covered by surgical masks, a reduction in arterial O2 saturation from around 97.5% before surgery to 94% after surgery was recorded with increase of heart rates. A shortness of breath and light-headedness/headaches were also noted. Conclusions: In conclusion, wearing an FFP2 covered by a surgical mask induces a reduction in circulating O2 concentrations without clinical relevance, while an increase of heart frequency and a sensation of shortness of breath, light-headedness/headaches were recorded. View Full-Text
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; N95; FFP2 respirators; surgical mask; protective face masks; personal protective equipment; severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; N95; FFP2 respirators; surgical mask; protective face masks; personal protective equipment; severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Scarano, A.; Inchingolo, F.; Rapone, B.; Festa, F.; Rexhep Tari, S.; Lorusso, F. Protective Face Masks: Effect on the Oxygenation and Heart Rate Status of Oral Surgeons during Surgery. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2363. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052363

AMA Style

Scarano A, Inchingolo F, Rapone B, Festa F, Rexhep Tari S, Lorusso F. Protective Face Masks: Effect on the Oxygenation and Heart Rate Status of Oral Surgeons during Surgery. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2363. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052363

Chicago/Turabian Style

Scarano, Antonio; Inchingolo, Francesco; Rapone, Biagio; Festa, Felice; Rexhep Tari, Sergio; Lorusso, Felice. 2021. "Protective Face Masks: Effect on the Oxygenation and Heart Rate Status of Oral Surgeons during Surgery" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 5: 2363. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052363

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop