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Open AccessSystematic Review

Interventions to Ameliorate the Psychosocial Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Children—A Systematic Review

1
Institute for Medical Information Processing, Biometry and Epidemiology—IBE, Chair of Public Health and Health Services Research, LMU Munich, Elisabeth-Winterhalter-Weg 6, 81377 Munich, Germany
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Pettenkofer School of Public Health, 81377 Munich, Germany
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Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center, 55131 Mainz, Germany
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Leibniz Institute for Resilience Research (LIR), 55122 Mainz, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alan Apter
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2361; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052361
Received: 21 January 2021 / Revised: 16 February 2021 / Accepted: 23 February 2021 / Published: 28 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
The aim of this study was to identify interventions targeting children and their caregivers to reduce psychosocial problems in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic and comparable outbreaks. The review was performed using systematic literature searches in MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO and COVID-19-specific databases, including the CDC COVID-19 Research Database, the World Health Organisation (WHO) Global Database on COVID-19 Research and the Cochrane COVID-19 Study Register, ClinicalTrials.gov, the EU Clinical Trials Register and the German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS) up to 25th September 2020. The search yielded 6657 unique citations. After title/abstract and full text screening, 11 study protocols reporting on trials planned in China, the US, Canada, the UK, and Hungary during the COVID-19 pandemic were included. Four interventions targeted children ≥10 years directly, seven system-based interventions targeted the parents and caregivers of younger children and adolescents. Outcome measures encompassed mainly anxiety and depressive symptoms, different dimensions of stress or psychosocial well-being, and quality of supportive relationships. In conclusion, this systematic review revealed a paucity of studies on psychosocial interventions for children during the COVID-19 pandemic. Further research should be encouraged in light of the expected demand for child mental health management. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; pandemic; child; mental health; intervention COVID-19; pandemic; child; mental health; intervention
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MDPI and ACS Style

Boldt, K.; Coenen, M.; Movsisyan, A.; Voss, S.; Rehfuess, E.; Kunzler, A.M.; Lieb, K.; Jung-Sievers, C. Interventions to Ameliorate the Psychosocial Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Children—A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2361. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052361

AMA Style

Boldt K, Coenen M, Movsisyan A, Voss S, Rehfuess E, Kunzler AM, Lieb K, Jung-Sievers C. Interventions to Ameliorate the Psychosocial Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Children—A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2361. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052361

Chicago/Turabian Style

Boldt, Katharina; Coenen, Michaela; Movsisyan, Ani; Voss, Stephan; Rehfuess, Eva; Kunzler, Angela M.; Lieb, Klaus; Jung-Sievers, Caroline. 2021. "Interventions to Ameliorate the Psychosocial Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Children—A Systematic Review" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 5: 2361. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052361

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