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Article

Short- and Medium-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins in Polyvinylchloride and Rubber Consumer Products and Toys Purchased on the Belgian Market

1
Toxicological Centre, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium
2
Center for Material Cycles and Waste Management Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), 16-2 Onogawa, Tsukuba 305-8506, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Karthikraj Rajendiran, Tao Zhang, Un-Jung Kim and Maria Pilar Martinez-Moral
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 1069; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031069
Received: 18 December 2020 / Revised: 18 January 2021 / Accepted: 22 January 2021 / Published: 26 January 2021
This study investigates the presence of Stockholm Convention listed short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) and their replacement medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs) counterparts in polyvinyl chloride and rubber consumer products and toys purchased on the Belgian market in 2019. SCCPs were detected in 27/28 samples at concentrations ranging from <LOQ–130,000 µg/g with a median level of 2.5 µg/g, while MCCPs were detected in only five samples ranging <LOQ–3500 µg/g. Levels of SCCPs in all but one of the samples were below the European Union’s guideline limit of 0.15%, by weight, and concentrations of both SCCPs and MCCPs in the majority of products suggested unintentional incorporation to the polymeric materials. The homologue distribution of SCCPs was generally dissimilar to known commercial formulations and appeared to be indicative of contamination during manufacture or via recycling of previously treated goods. MCCP patterns, conversely, were broadly representative of those reported for industrial mixtures and may have been inadvertently incorporated via the application of mixed carbon-chain length CP formulations or recycled goods. This research suggests that overall SCCP presence has decreased in goods on the European market compared with previous reports and that both SCCPs and MCCPs may still enter EU marketplaces from unintentional sources. View Full-Text
Keywords: chlorinated paraffins; SCCPs; MCCPs; consumer products; polyvinyl chloride; rubber chlorinated paraffins; SCCPs; MCCPs; consumer products; polyvinyl chloride; rubber
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MDPI and ACS Style

McGrath, T.J.; Poma, G.; Matsukami, H.; Malarvannan, G.; Kajiwara, N.; Covaci, A. Short- and Medium-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins in Polyvinylchloride and Rubber Consumer Products and Toys Purchased on the Belgian Market. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1069. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031069

AMA Style

McGrath TJ, Poma G, Matsukami H, Malarvannan G, Kajiwara N, Covaci A. Short- and Medium-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins in Polyvinylchloride and Rubber Consumer Products and Toys Purchased on the Belgian Market. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):1069. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031069

Chicago/Turabian Style

McGrath, Thomas J., Giulia Poma, Hidenori Matsukami, Govindan Malarvannan, Natsuko Kajiwara, and Adrian Covaci. 2021. "Short- and Medium-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins in Polyvinylchloride and Rubber Consumer Products and Toys Purchased on the Belgian Market" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 3: 1069. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031069

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