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Article

Comparing the External Loads Encountered during Competition between Elite, Junior Male and Female Basketball Players

1
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea De Madrid, 28670 Madrid, Spain
2
Human Exercise and Training Laboratory, School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton 4701, Australia
3
Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Technical University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(4), 1456; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041456
Received: 28 January 2020 / Revised: 14 February 2020 / Accepted: 20 February 2020 / Published: 24 February 2020
The aim of the present study was to compare external loads (EL) between elite, junior, male and female basketball players. Male (n = 25) and female players (n = 48) were monitored during 11 competitive matches (3 matches per team). EL was measured using local positioning system and microsensor technology to determine total, high-intensity (14–21 km·h−1), and sprint (>21 km·h−1) distance (m) covered, total (n) and relative (n·min−1) accelerations and decelerations, ratio of accelerations:decelerations, and total (arbitrary units [AU]) and relative (AU·min−1) player load. EL was compared between sexes overall and according to each playing position (guards, forwards, and centers). Males covered larger (p < 0.05) high-intensity and sprint distances, and completed more (p < 0.05) decelerations than females; while female players experienced a greater (p < 0.05) ratio of accelerations:decelerations. Greater decelerations (p < 0.05) were observed for males in the guard position compared to females, while more (p < 0.05) accelerations·min−1 were apparent for females in the forward position compared to males. The current findings indicate differences in EL, particularly the high-intensity and acceleratory demands, exist between elite, junior, male and female basketball players during competition and are affected by playing position. These outcomes can be used in developing sex- and position-specific training plans, and in turn improving the physical preparedness of junior basketball players for competition demands at the elite level. View Full-Text
Keywords: sex; gender; team sports; accelerometer; local positioning system sex; gender; team sports; accelerometer; local positioning system
MDPI and ACS Style

Portes, R.; Jiménez, S.L.; Navarro, R.M.; Scanlan, A.T.; Gómez, M.-Á. Comparing the External Loads Encountered during Competition between Elite, Junior Male and Female Basketball Players. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1456. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041456

AMA Style

Portes R, Jiménez SL, Navarro RM, Scanlan AT, Gómez M-Á. Comparing the External Loads Encountered during Competition between Elite, Junior Male and Female Basketball Players. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(4):1456. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041456

Chicago/Turabian Style

Portes, Rubén, Sergio L. Jiménez, Rafael M. Navarro, Aaron T. Scanlan, and Miguel-Ángel Gómez. 2020. "Comparing the External Loads Encountered during Competition between Elite, Junior Male and Female Basketball Players" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 4: 1456. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041456

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