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Article

Water Exercise and Quality of Life in Pregnancy: A Randomised Clinical Trial

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Research Group CTS1068, Andalusia Research Plan, Junta de Andalucía, San Cecilio Clinical Hospital, School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Research Group CTS 367, Andalusia Research Plan, Junta de Andalucía, School of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, University of Granada, San Cecilio Clinical Hospital, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Research Group CTS1068, Andalusia Research Plan, Junta de Andalucía, Quantitative Methods for the Economics and Enterprise, Faculty of Economics and Business Sciences, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Research Group CTS367, Andalusia Research Plan, Junta de Andalucía, Área Sanitaria de Ourense, 32616 Ourense, Spain
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Research Group CTS1068, Andalusia Research Plan, Junta de Andalucía, School of Nursing Ceuta Campus, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, 51001 Ceuta, Spain
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Research Group CTS1068, Andalusia Research Plan, Junta de Andalucía, School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(4), 1288; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041288
Received: 1 February 2020 / Revised: 13 February 2020 / Accepted: 14 February 2020 / Published: 17 February 2020
Background: Physical exercise helps to maintain a healthy lifestyle and its practice is recommended for women during pregnancy as a means of limiting the negative effects on the body that may take place and to optimise well-being, mood and sleep patterns, as well as encouraging daily physical activity, enhancing the ability to work and preventing pregnancy-related complications. Aim: To analyse the quality of life in pregnancy for women who complete a programme of moderate physical activity in water, following a designed method that the woman can perform physical exercise safely during pregnancy called the SWEP (study of water exercise during pregnancy) method. Materials and methods: A randomised clinical trial was performed. One hundred and twenty-nine pregnant women were randomly assigned either to an exercise class following the SWEP method (EG, n = 65) or to a control group (CG, n = 64). The trial began in week 20 of pregnancy (May 2016) and ended in week 37 (October 2016). Heath-related quality of life (HRQoL) was evaluated with the SF36v2 health questionnaire at weeks 12 and 35 of pregnancy. Results: The HRQoL score decreased significantly between weeks 12 and 35 of gestation, except for the mental health component, which in the CG fell by −3.28 points and in the EG increased slightly (p > 0.05). Among the CG, the score for the mental health component at week 35 was ≤42, indicating a positive screening risk of depression (39.20 ± 4.16). Conclusions: Physical activity programmes in water, such as SWEP, enhance the HRQoL of pregnant women. View Full-Text
Keywords: Pregnant woman; exercise; physical activity; quality of life Pregnant woman; exercise; physical activity; quality of life
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rodríguez-Blanque, R.; Aguilar-Cordero, M.J.; Marín-Jiménez, A.E.; Menor-Rodríguez, M.J.; Montiel-Troya, M.; Sánchez-García, J.C. Water Exercise and Quality of Life in Pregnancy: A Randomised Clinical Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1288. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041288

AMA Style

Rodríguez-Blanque R, Aguilar-Cordero MJ, Marín-Jiménez AE, Menor-Rodríguez MJ, Montiel-Troya M, Sánchez-García JC. Water Exercise and Quality of Life in Pregnancy: A Randomised Clinical Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(4):1288. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041288

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rodríguez-Blanque, Raquel, María J. Aguilar-Cordero, Ana E. Marín-Jiménez, María J. Menor-Rodríguez, Maria Montiel-Troya, and Juan C. Sánchez-García 2020. "Water Exercise and Quality of Life in Pregnancy: A Randomised Clinical Trial" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 4: 1288. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041288

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