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Article

Measuring Temporal Differences in Rural Canadian Children’s Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity

by 1,2,3,*, 1,2,3, 1,2,3, 1,2,3 and 1,2,3,4,5,6,7
1
Human Environments Analysis Laboratory, Western University, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada
2
Department of Geography and Environment, Western University, London, ON N6A 5C2, Canada
3
Children’s Health Research Institute, London, ON N6A 5A5, Canada
4
Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Western University, London, ON N6A 5C1, Canada
5
School of Health Studies, Western University, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada
6
Department of Paediatrics, Western University, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada
7
Lawson Health Research Institute, London, ON N6C 2R5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 8734; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238734
Received: 12 October 2020 / Revised: 13 November 2020 / Accepted: 20 November 2020 / Published: 24 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Environment and Children’s Health)
The purpose of this study was to measure the factors that influence children’s moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during school curriculum time, recess time, and outside school time in a rural area. During the Fall and Winter of 2016, 34 boys and 55 girls aged 8–14 years from rural communities in rural Northwestern Ontario participated in the Spatial Temporal Environment and Activity Monitoring project. The children’s MVPA was measured using an accelerometer, and child-level demographic, behavioral, and environmental data were gathered from surveys, passively logging global positioning units, and municipal datasets. Data on daily temperature and precipitation were gathered from the closest Environment Canada weather station. A mixed model was used to assess the relationship between child- and day-level factors and children’s MVPA. On average, children were getting 12.9 min of MVPA during recess, 17.7 min during curriculum time, and 29.0 min of MVPA outside school time. During all three time points, boys were more active than girls. During curriculum time, children in lower grades were more active, and the weather had differing impacts depending on the time of day. The findings of this study illustrate the differences in MVPA and the factors that influence MVPA by time of day. Examining different time segments provides valuable information for understanding children’s MVPA patterns. View Full-Text
Keywords: rural population; physical activity; children; temporal rural population; physical activity; children; temporal
MDPI and ACS Style

Button, B.L.G.; Clark, A.F.; Martin, G.; Graat, M.; Gilliland, J.A. Measuring Temporal Differences in Rural Canadian Children’s Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8734. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238734

AMA Style

Button BLG, Clark AF, Martin G, Graat M, Gilliland JA. Measuring Temporal Differences in Rural Canadian Children’s Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):8734. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238734

Chicago/Turabian Style

Button, Brenton L.G., Andrew F. Clark, Gina Martin, Megan Graat, and Jason A. Gilliland 2020. "Measuring Temporal Differences in Rural Canadian Children’s Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 23: 8734. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238734

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