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Open AccessArticle

Quality of Life and Health among People Living in an Industrial Area of Poland

1
Department of Nursing Propaedeutics, School of Health Sciences, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, 20/24 Francuska Street, 40-027 Katowice, Poland
2
Department of Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, 18 Medyków Street, 40-027 Katowice, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(7), 1221; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071221
Received: 14 March 2019 / Revised: 2 April 2019 / Accepted: 3 April 2019 / Published: 5 April 2019
Background: The quality of life and health status of the population significantly depends on socio-economic factors, including working and employment conditions. Methods: This epidemiological cross-sectional study was carried out among young inhabitants aged 25–44 years living in the Silesian voivodeship in Poland. The quality of life was evaluated using the short version of the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire. Results: A total of 905 respondents were examined. It was shown that the poor quality of life in all assessed domains was associated with a low job satisfaction level, low physical activity, and higher self-assessed health status. Furthermore, the worse self-assessed health status in the study group was mainly related to such factors as earlier diagnosed chronic disease, lower job satisfaction, and low physical activity. Additionally, diagnosed chronic disease among occupationally active respondents was correlated with health deterioration due to excessive stress, living in the vicinity of heavy road traffic, and was declared by women more frequently. Conclusions: The results of the presented study confirmed that the quality of life and health status in young inhabitants of the Silesian voivodeship significantly depends on the work characteristics, employment conditions and lifestyle factors. View Full-Text
Keywords: quality of life; health status; employment; cross-sectional study quality of life; health status; employment; cross-sectional study
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Szemik, S.; Kowalska, M.; Kulik, H. Quality of Life and Health among People Living in an Industrial Area of Poland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1221.

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