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Stability of Differences in Weight-Related Characteristics of Mothers across Economic, Cultural, Social, and Environmental-Health Indicators of Socioeconomic Status

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08520, USA
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(20), 3866; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203866 (registering DOI)
Received: 4 September 2019 / Revised: 3 October 2019 / Accepted: 5 October 2019 / Published: 12 October 2019
This study explored the differences in weight-related characteristics when socioeconomic status (SES) was assessed by economic, cultural, social, and environmental-health capital individually and as a composite with the goal of determining the stability of differences across types of capital and to ascertain whether single or a combination of capital indicators of SES should be used in nutrition and public health studies. Mothers (n = 557) of young children completed a survey assessing capital and weight-related characteristics. Mothers with higher economic, cultural, and social capital and composite SES had fewer sugar-sweetened beverage servings, fewer meals in front of the TV, more food security, and greater neighborhood space/supports for physical activity than comparators. Few differences occurred among environmental-health capital groups. Composite SES performed similarly to individual economic, cultural, and social capital measures. Findings suggest single SES indicators may be sufficiently stable to capture differences in weight-related characteristics. Each capital type captures a unique aspect of SES; thus, assessing an array of capital types could advance understanding of SES aspects on weight-related characteristics. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrition; weight; public health; economic capital; social capital; cultural capital; environmental capital; socioeconomic status nutrition; weight; public health; economic capital; social capital; cultural capital; environmental capital; socioeconomic status
MDPI and ACS Style

Quick, V.; Eck, K.M.; Delaney, C.; Lewis, R.; Byrd-Bredbenner, C. Stability of Differences in Weight-Related Characteristics of Mothers across Economic, Cultural, Social, and Environmental-Health Indicators of Socioeconomic Status. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3866.

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