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Open AccessArticle

Assessment of Nutritional Intakes in Individuals with Obesity under Medical Supervision. A Cross-Sectional Study

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Functional Sciences Department, “Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timișoara, 14 Spl. Tudor Vladimirescu, 300172 Timişoara, Romania
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Department of Internal Medicine—Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, “Victor Babeș” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 156 Liviu Rebreanu Blvd., 300723 Timişoara, Romania
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Center and Clinic for Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, “Pius Brinzeu” Emergency County Hospital Timisoara, 156 Liviu Rebreanu Blvd., 300723 Timişoara, Romania
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Genetics Discipline, Center of Genomic Medicine Timișoara, “Victor Babeș” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 2 Eftimie Murgu Square, 300041 Timișoara, Romania
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“Louis Țurcanu” Clinical Emergency Hospital for Children, 2 Iosif Nemoianu St., 300011 Timișoara, Romania
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NutritioApp—Advanced Software for Nutrition, 19 Pridvorului St., bl. 20, sc. 1, ap. 2, 300172 Bucharest, Romania
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Pediatric Cardiology Department, Emergency Children’s Hospital “Marie Curie”, 20 C-tin Brancoveanu Bd, 041451 Bucharest, Romania
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Microbiology Department,” Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timișoara, 16 Victor Babeș Blvd, 300226 Timișoara, Romania
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(17), 3036; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16173036
Received: 29 July 2019 / Revised: 18 August 2019 / Accepted: 19 August 2019 / Published: 22 August 2019
People with obesity in Romania are often under medical supervision, which is aimed to decrease body weight and treat accompanying metabolic disorders and cardiovascular implications. However, there is limited information regarding the implementation of dietary recommendations in adults with obesity. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of reaching the recommended intakes of macro- and micro-nutrients in adults with obesity under medical supervision. Individuals with obesity, recruited in the context of a study with a larger scope (NutriGen ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02837367), who were under medical supervision underwent four 24 h recalls in order to assess daily food intakes. Macro- and micro-nutrient intakes were computed, and the prevalence of reaching recommended dietary allowances (RDAs) for each nutrient was calculated. The majority of subjects did not meet the recommended intakes for most nutrients. Energy from fat exceeded the threshold of 35% recommended intake, even in the lowest quartile of energy intake. The micronutrients with less than 5% of individuals reaching the RDAs were vitamin D, vitamin E, fluoride, and omega-3 fatty acids for both males and females, and choline, magnesium, and potassium in females. The burden of inadequate nutrition in individuals with obesity should be acknowledged and properly addressed within efforts to reduce obesity rates and associated disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: adequate intake; dietary reference intake; obese adult; nutritional epidemiology adequate intake; dietary reference intake; obese adult; nutritional epidemiology
MDPI and ACS Style

Șerban, C.L.; Sima, A.; Hogea, C.M.; Chiriță-Emandi, A.; Perva, I.T.; Vlad, A.; Albai, A.; Nicolae, G.; Putnoky, S.; Timar, R.; Niculescu, M.D.; Puiu, M. Assessment of Nutritional Intakes in Individuals with Obesity under Medical Supervision. A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3036.

AMA Style

Șerban CL, Sima A, Hogea CM, Chiriță-Emandi A, Perva IT, Vlad A, Albai A, Nicolae G, Putnoky S, Timar R, Niculescu MD, Puiu M. Assessment of Nutritional Intakes in Individuals with Obesity under Medical Supervision. A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(17):3036.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Șerban, Costela L.; Sima, Alexandra; Hogea, Corina M.; Chiriță-Emandi, Adela; Perva, Iulia T.; Vlad, Adrian; Albai, Alin; Nicolae, Georgiana; Putnoky, Salomeia; Timar, Romulus; Niculescu, Mihai D.; Puiu, Maria. 2019. "Assessment of Nutritional Intakes in Individuals with Obesity under Medical Supervision. A Cross-Sectional Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 17: 3036.

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