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Open AccessArticle

A Community EcoHealth Index from EnviroAtlas Ecosystem Services Metrics

1
Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) participant at the Office of Research and Development, US Environmental Protection Agency, Durham, NC 27709, USA
2
Office of Research and Development, US Environmental Protection Agency, Durham, NC 27709, USA
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Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) Student Services Contractor at the Office of Research and Development, US Environmental Protection Agency, Durham, NC 27709, USA
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Department of Geography, The University of Tennessee Knoxville, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(15), 2760; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152760
Received: 3 July 2019 / Revised: 30 July 2019 / Accepted: 1 August 2019 / Published: 2 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Ecosystem Services)
Human health is inextricably tied to ecosystem services (ES), including those associated with greenspace in urban communities. EnviroAtlas provides close to 100 maps of ES metrics based on high-resolution land cover data in featured communities across the contiguous United States. Using selected EnviroAtlas ES metrics, a Community EcoHealth Index (CEHI) was created based on an ecohealth framework including health promotion and hazard buffering domains. Aggregation of eight selected ES metrics in these domains entailed a weighted distance measure, where objective, data-driven weights were generated. CEHI was calculated by Census Block Group (CBG) at both the local level and the national level for 22 EnviroAtlas communities. Results were mapped to show one- to five-star CBGs or neighborhoods within and across all 22 featured communities. At the national level, CEHI favors communities in forested ecoregions. The local version of CEHI is more appropriate to inform social, economic, and environmental decision-making for improving community ES associated with human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: metro-health; greenspace; geospatial; health equity; index metro-health; greenspace; geospatial; health equity; index
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Cochran, F.; Jackson, L.; Neale, A.; Lovette, J.; Tran, L. A Community EcoHealth Index from EnviroAtlas Ecosystem Services Metrics. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2760.

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