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Article

Relevance of Intermittent Rivers and Streams in Agricultural Landscape and Their Impact on Provided Ecosystem Services—A Mediterranean Case Study

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Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, 94976 Nitra, Slovakia
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Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre (IPP), 7300 Portalegre, Portugal
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VALORIZA—Research Centre for Endogenous Resource Valorization, 7300 Portalegre, Portugal
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Research Centre for Tourism, Sustainability and Well-being (CinTurs), University of Algarve, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
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Institute of Research on Territorial Governance and Inter-Organizational Cooperation, 41-300 Katowice, Poland
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Environmental Resources Analysis Research Group (ARAM), University of Extremadura, 06006 Badajoz, Spain
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Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Dąbrowa Górnicza, 41-300 Katowice, Poland
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Departamento de Edafologia, UNEX—Universidad da Extremadura, 06006 Badajoz, Spain
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Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(15), 2693; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152693
Received: 2 June 2019 / Revised: 18 July 2019 / Accepted: 22 July 2019 / Published: 28 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Ecosystem Services)
Ecosystem services (ES), as an interconnection of the landscape mosaic pieces, along with temporal rivers (IRES) are an object of research for environmental planners and ecological economists, among other specialists. This study presents (i) a review on the importance of IRES and the services they can provide to agricultural landscapes; (ii) a classification tool to assess the impact of IRES to provide ES by agricultural landscapes; (iii) the application of the proposed classification to the Caia River in order to identify the importance of this intermittent river for its surrounding agricultural landscape. The classification of the ES follows the Common International Classification of Ecosystem (CICES) classification that was adapted for the purposes of this study. Firstly, the list of ES provided by agricultural landscape was elaborated. In the next step, we assessed the potential of IRES to provide ES. Next, IRES impacts to ES within the agricultural landscape were evaluated according to observations from the conducted field monitoring in the study area. This study focuses on the relevance of the intermittent Caia River—a transboundary river in Spain and Portugal—and its ephemeral tributaries in the agricultural landscape. Our study estimates that each hydrological phase of IRES increases the ES provided by the agricultural landscape. However, the dry phase can potentially have negative impacts on several services. The intensification of the agricultural sector is the main provision of the water resource within the Caia River basin, but we were able to identify several other ES that were positively impacted. The present study is in line with the conclusions of other authors who state that IRES constitute a valuable resource which should not be underestimated by society. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural landscapes; temporal rivers and streams; ecosystem services; Caia River; Iberian territories agricultural landscapes; temporal rivers and streams; ecosystem services; Caia River; Iberian territories
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kaletová, T.; Loures, L.; Castanho, R.A.; Aydin, E.; Gama, J.T.d.; Loures, A.; Truchy, A. Relevance of Intermittent Rivers and Streams in Agricultural Landscape and Their Impact on Provided Ecosystem Services—A Mediterranean Case Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2693. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152693

AMA Style

Kaletová T, Loures L, Castanho RA, Aydin E, Gama JTd, Loures A, Truchy A. Relevance of Intermittent Rivers and Streams in Agricultural Landscape and Their Impact on Provided Ecosystem Services—A Mediterranean Case Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(15):2693. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152693

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kaletová, Tatiana, Luis Loures, Rui A. Castanho, Elena Aydin, José T.d. Gama, Ana Loures, and Amélie Truchy. 2019. "Relevance of Intermittent Rivers and Streams in Agricultural Landscape and Their Impact on Provided Ecosystem Services—A Mediterranean Case Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 15: 2693. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152693

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