Next Article in Journal
Corticosteroids in Moderate-To-Severe Graves’ Ophthalmopathy: Oral or Intravenous Therapy?
Next Article in Special Issue
Are There Changes in Inequalities in Injuries? A Review of Evidence in the WHO European Region
Previous Article in Journal
Bisphenol A Exposure and Sperm ACHE Hydroxymethylation in Men
Previous Article in Special Issue
Cardiovascular Disease Hospitalizations in Louisiana Parishes’ Elderly before, during and after Hurricane Katrina
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January-1) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(1), 154; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010154

Mortality from Homicides in Slums in the City of Belo Horizonte, Brazil: An Evaluation of the Impact of a Re-Urbanization Project

1
Observatory for Urban Health in Belo Horizonte (OSUBH), School of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte 30130100, Brazil
2
Public Health Post-Graduation Program, School of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte 30130100, Brazil
3
Department of Statistics, Institute of Exact Sciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte 30130100, Brazil
4
Department of Public Health, Federal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT), Belo Horizonte 30130100, Brazil
5
Department of TI, Belo Horizonte City Hall, Belo Horizonte 30130100, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 October 2018 / Revised: 21 December 2018 / Accepted: 28 December 2018 / Published: 8 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Achieving Environmental Health Equity: Great Expectations)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1555 KB, uploaded 10 January 2019]   |  
  |   Review Reports

Abstract

Background: Homicide rates in Brazil are among the highest worldwide. Although not exclusive to large Brazilian cities, homicides find their most important determinants in cities’ slums. In the last decade, an urban renewal process has been initiated in the city of Belo Horizonte, in Brazil. Named Vila Viva project, it includes structuring urban interventions such as urban renewal, social development actions and land regularization in the slums of the city. This study evaluates the project’s effect on homicide rates according to time and interventions. Methods: Homicide rates were analyzed comparing five slums with interventions (S1–S5) to five grouped non-intervened slums (S0), with similar socioeconomic characteristics from 2002 to 2012. Poisson regression model estimates the effect of time of observation and the effect of time of exposure (in years) to a completed intervention, besides the overall risk ratio (RR). Results: Using the time of observation in years, homicide rates decreased in the studied period and even more if considered cumulative time of exposure to a completed intervention for S1, S2, S3 and S4, but not for S5. Conclusions: Although the results of the effect of the interventions are not repeated in all slums, a downward trend in homicide rates has been found, which is connected to the interventions. New approaches could be necessary in order to verify the nexus between slum renewal projects and the reduction of homicide rates. View Full-Text
Keywords: slum upgrading; urbanization; housing; homicides; urban determinants; poverty areas; slums; health impact evaluation; social determinants of health; health in all policies slum upgrading; urbanization; housing; homicides; urban determinants; poverty areas; slums; health impact evaluation; social determinants of health; health in all policies
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

De Salles Dias, M.A.; De Lima Friche, A.A.; Mingoti, S.A.; Da Silva Costa, D.A.; De Souza Andrade, A.C.; Freire, F.M.; De Oliveira, V.B.; Teixeira Caiaffa, W. Mortality from Homicides in Slums in the City of Belo Horizonte, Brazil: An Evaluation of the Impact of a Re-Urbanization Project. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 154.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top