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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2327; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112327

Depression and Its Association with Health-Related Quality of Life in Postmenopausal Women in Korea

1
Department of International Healthcare Administration, Daegu Catholic University, Gyeongsan 38430, Korea
2
College of Pharmacy, Keimyung University, Daegu Metropolitan 42601, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 September 2018 / Revised: 19 October 2018 / Accepted: 21 October 2018 / Published: 23 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue IJERPH: 15th Anniversary)
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Abstract

Menopause is associated with depressive symptoms that can significantly affect a woman’s quality of life. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between depression and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in postmenopausal women. In this cross-sectional descriptive study, participants (n = 3860) were selected from the 2013–2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). The sociodemographic characteristics, medical history of depression, and EQ-5D scores of the participants were obtained from the KNHANES dataset. Age, educational level, and income were associated with HRQoL in these participants. Moreover, depression exerted a considerable influence on HRQoL in postmenopausal women. The adjusted odds ratios in participants with depression for the EQ-5D dimensions were as follows: 5.52 (95% CI = 4.04–7.55, p < 0.001) for anxiety/depression, 3.86 (95% CI = 2.78–5.36, p < 0.001) for usual activities, and 2.52 (95% CI = 1.68–3.78, p < 0.001) for self-care. Our findings suggest a strong association between depression and HRQoL. Hence, preventing the onset or exacerbation of depression may significantly improve quality of life in postmenopausal women. View Full-Text
Keywords: demographic factor; EQ-5D; health-related quality of life; depression demographic factor; EQ-5D; health-related quality of life; depression
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Park, H.; Kim, K. Depression and Its Association with Health-Related Quality of Life in Postmenopausal Women in Korea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2327.

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