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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(10), 2130; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102130

Health-Related Quality of Life among People Applying for Housing Adaptations: Associated Factors

1
Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, P.O. Box 157, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
2
Department of Occupational Therapy, Prosthetics and Orthotics, Faculty of Health Sciences, OsloMet—Oslo Metropolitan University, P.O. Box 4 St. Olavs Plass, 0130 Oslo, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 August 2018 / Revised: 24 September 2018 / Accepted: 25 September 2018 / Published: 27 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue IJERPH: 15th Anniversary)
Full-Text   |   PDF [338 KB, uploaded 28 September 2018]

Abstract

Housing adaptations (HA) clients are a heterogeneous group of people with disabilities experiencing restricted performance and participation in everyday life. While health-related quality of life is a common and relevant outcome in health care research, associated factors among HA clients are largely unknown. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate which factors are associated with health-related quality of life among HA clients in Sweden. The study has a cross-sectional design, using baseline data collected among 224 participants in three municipalities in Sweden. The main outcome was health-related quality of life measured by the EQ-5D. Factors investigated as potentially associated were age, sex, living conditions, cognitive impairment, usability of the home, activities of daily living (ADL) dependence, participation, and fear of falling. The associations were explored using multiple linear regression analysis. Younger age and higher dependence in ADL were associated with lower scores on the EQ-5D. The social aspect of usability in the home had a positive association with the EQ VAS. Results suggest that certain groups of HA clients might be at risk for low health-related quality of life. Knowledge of their characteristics can potentially improve development and implementation of tailored interventions aiming at increasing their health-related quality of life. View Full-Text
Keywords: ADL; disability; health; home; usability ADL; disability; health; home; usability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Boström, L.; Chiatti, C.; Thordardottir, B.; Ekstam, L.; Malmgren Fänge, A. Health-Related Quality of Life among People Applying for Housing Adaptations: Associated Factors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2130.

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