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Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Fruit Quality Monitoring with Smart Packaging

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L8, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Spyridon Kintzios
Sensors 2021, 21(4), 1509;
Received: 23 December 2020 / Revised: 16 February 2021 / Accepted: 17 February 2021 / Published: 22 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Intelligent Sensors)
Smart packaging of fresh produce is an emerging technology toward reduction of waste and preservation of consumer health and safety. Smart packaging systems also help to prolong the shelf life of perishable foods during transport and mass storage, which are difficult to regulate otherwise. The use of these ever-progressing technologies in the packaging of fruits has the potential to result in many positive consequences, including improved fruit quality, reduced waste, and associated improved public health. In this review, we examine the role of smart packaging in fruit packaging, current-state-of-the-art, challenges, and prospects. First, we discuss the motivation behind fruit quality monitoring and maintenance, followed by the background on the development process of fruits, factors used in determining fruit quality, and the classification of smart packaging technologies. Then, we discuss conventional freshness sensors for packaged fruits including direct and indirect freshness indicators. After that, we provide examples of possible smart packaging systems and sensors that can be used in monitoring fruits quality, followed by several strategies to mitigate premature fruit decay, and active packaging technologies. Finally, we discuss the prospects of smart packaging application for fruit quality monitoring along with the associated challenges and prospects. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart packaging; intelligent packaging; active packaging; fresh produce; fruit quality; fruit processing; fruit smart packaging; fruit sensor; RFID; IoT smart packaging; intelligent packaging; active packaging; fresh produce; fruit quality; fruit processing; fruit smart packaging; fruit sensor; RFID; IoT
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alam, A.U.; Rathi, P.; Beshai, H.; Sarabha, G.K.; Deen, M.J. Fruit Quality Monitoring with Smart Packaging. Sensors 2021, 21, 1509.

AMA Style

Alam AU, Rathi P, Beshai H, Sarabha GK, Deen MJ. Fruit Quality Monitoring with Smart Packaging. Sensors. 2021; 21(4):1509.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alam, Arif U.; Rathi, Pranali; Beshai, Heba; Sarabha, Gursimran K.; Deen, M. J. 2021. "Fruit Quality Monitoring with Smart Packaging" Sensors 21, no. 4: 1509.

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