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Open AccessArticle

Time Orientation Technologies in Special Education

Deparment Ingeniería Electrónica y Comunicaciones, Universidad de Zaragoza, María de Luna 1, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
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This paper is extended version of the conference paper: Guillomía, M.A.; Artigas, J.I.; Falcó, J.L. Time Orientation Training in AAL. In Proceedings of the Ambient Intelligence–Software and Applications, 9th International Symposium on Ambient Intelligence, Ávila, Spain, 26–28 June 2018.
Sensors 2019, 19(11), 2571; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19112571
Received: 15 May 2019 / Revised: 2 June 2019 / Accepted: 3 June 2019 / Published: 6 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Sensors Technology in Education)
A device to train children in time orientation has been designed, developed and evaluated. It is framed within a long-term cooperation action between university and special education school. It uses a specific cognitive accessible time display: Time left in the day is represented by a row of luminous elements initially on. Time passing is represented by turning off sequentially and gradually each luminous element every 15 min. Agenda is displayed relating time to tasks with standard pictograms for further accessibility. Notifications of tasks-to-come both for management support and anticipation to changes uses visual and auditory information. Agenda can be described in an Alternative and Augmentative Communication pictogram language already used by children, supporting individual and class activities on agenda. Validation has been performed with 16 children in 12 classrooms of four special education schools. Methodology for evaluation compares both prior and posterior assessments which are based in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) from the World Health Organization (WHO), together with observation registers. Results show consistent improvement in performances related with time orientation. View Full-Text
Keywords: ambient assisted living (AAL); time orientation; technical aid; special education; accessible interfaces; assistive technology; collaborative design; personal autonomy; services provision; human/system interaction ambient assisted living (AAL); time orientation; technical aid; special education; accessible interfaces; assistive technology; collaborative design; personal autonomy; services provision; human/system interaction
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Guillomía, M.A.; Falcó, J.L.; Artigas, J.I.; García-Camino, M. Time Orientation Technologies in Special Education. Sensors 2019, 19, 2571.

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